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Classic Architectures in Beijing Central Axis (2)

There many constructions sit at axle wire of Beijing. Continue to last topic, we introduce you another four famous buildings.

Forbidden City
Forbidden City - Symbol of Imperial Power

Forbidden City, the heart of Beijing axle wire, is the largest and most well-preserved imperial group buildings. It is 750 meters in width and 960 meters in length, covers an area of 720,000 square meters. Forbidden City owns 9,999 rooms totally. It is the original imperial palaces in Ming and Qing Dynasties, and 24 rulers. It is built from 1407 by the third emperor of Ming Dynasty – Yongle Emperor. After 14 years, it accomplished completely. It is said that it used 100,000 talent people and 1,000,000 labors. In terms of architecture art just, if you used to seeing the imitated constructions, you will find the great distinguishes when you see the Forbidden City. In general, Forbidden City can be divided into two parts: south part is the political area and north area is living area. The three halls, the Hall of Supreme Harmony, Hall of Central Harmony and Hall of Preserving Harmony, are the most attractive constructions in this huge building.

Jingshan Mountain
Jingshan Park

Jingshan Mountain is the commanding height of axle wire in Beijing. If you say the Zhengyang Gate is the prelude and the Hall of Supreme Harmony is the high tide, then the Jingshan Mountain is the end. Some architects regard the Jingshan Mountain as the summary of all these palaces in Forbidden City. Jingshan Mountain is the barrier of Forbidden City, and it has special geographic location in Beijing. Five peaks stand side by side, and the main peak sits between the south city and north city in Beijing inner city, and becomes the central point of diagonal. There is a Wangchun Pavilion built in Jingshan Mountain, if you stand in this pavilion, you can overlook the whole scenery of Beijing city; to north, you can see the Dianmen Street; to east, you can have good view of Lama Temple, the Imperial College and the Confucian Temple; to west, you can see the White Pagoda and to south, you can overlook the Forbidden City.

Drum Tower
Bell & Drum Tower

Drum Tower, the place gives the correct time in ancient capital, sits at Dianmenwai Street, built in 18th years of Yongle Emperor, and rebuilt in 5th year of Jiaqing Emperor. Drum Tower was the place to drumming to report time to whole city in Ming and Qing Dynasties. Once it was regarded as the display place for showing the material objects when the Eight Countries Allied invasion of Beijing in 1924.

Bell Tower
Bell Tower, the north end point of Beijing axle wire, sits at Dianmenwai Street and north of Drum Tower. First built in 18th year of Yongle Emperor as well as Drum Tower, Bell Tower was destroyed by fire and rebuilt in 10th year of Qianlong Emperor, and it accomplished after 12 years. Bell and Drum Towers are the important material for studying the city planning and distribution of Beijing.

All these are most famous attractions of Beijing. Along with the axle wire, you could find more interesting things, and also you can visit the hutongs in Beijing.