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Did Great Wall Serve as Territory Border

Most of the time, the Great Wall did not serve as the border, especially during Ming Dynasty. In Ming dynasty, the Mongolian people still believed that they are the masters of Chinese people. The main reason for that is because they once ruled the inner land before they were forced back outside the Great Wall. They had ruled the inner land for over a hundred years. They were overthrown by the farmer army led by Zhuyuanzhang and after that they had to get back to their former territory - that is located outside the Great Wall. However, the Mongolian people still did not admit the loss of the rule of China. For quite a long time, they still used the Yuan Dynasty. So if the Mongolian people did not think of them as outlandish people, then the Great Wall was not border at all.

Great Wall of China

From another perspective, the Chinese dynasty also did not deem the Great Wall as a border. The reason lies in the fact that there was a vast land located outside the Great Wall, and the land also belonged to the feudal dynasty. So it is impossible to treat the Great Wall as border. In Ming dynasty, there were a bunch of departments set up for the defense of the Great Wall and there were a few of them situated outside the Great Wall, including Liaoning, Daning and Wanquan sections of the Great Wall. In the beginning of Ming dynasty, the government set up a series of administrative departments in Liaoning and Inner Mongolia to the purpose of the defense of the Great Wall. Those administrative departments were scattered across the northern area of China.

All of the above-mentioned facts lead to a conclusion that the Great Wall did not serve as the border, both in the eyes of the Mongolian people and the Chinese feudal emperors. Most of the time, Ming dynasty held a tight reign over the northern area outside the Great Wall. The Ming government used to take a series of effective measures to enhance its administration for the areas outside the Great Wall. The most famous historic events include negotiation for peace and marriage of peace. Afterwards, the Great Wall was turned into a bustling market for trade between the Mongolian people and inner land people.

Overall, the Great Wall cannot be simply interpreted as a border of China.