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How the Great Wall Was Treated by New Dynasty

In terms of how the Great Wall was treated by the new dynasty, it is kind of different from how the currency was treated. If the location of the Great Wall was still important and can be used for defense, then the new dynasty would make the most of it to save more money and efforts.

Great Wall of China

Other than the change of jurisdiction, most of the latter dynasties still used the former Great Wall as fortification. At the beginning of the foundation of West Han Dynasty, the northern sections of the Great Wall were restored and rebuilt as stronghold and fortification to defend the Mongolian tribes. Right after the Han army drove the Mongolian tribes out of the Hetao area, the Han emperor sent about 100,000 soldiers to restore the sections of the Great Wall built during Qin Dynasty. After that, the Han government also restored another section of the Great Wall right after the Han army defeated the Mongolian tribes at Mobei. This section was also part of the Great Wall built during Qin Dynasty.

During West Jin dynasty, the general Tangbin also restored a section of the Great Wall built during Qin dynasty to defend the Wuhuan tribes from attacking the capital city. This section of Great Wall connected the northeast of Hebei with the Jieshishan. During the south dynasty and north dynasty period, the North Qi and North Zhou were long-lasting opponents. However, after the North Zhou Dynasty overthrew the North Qi Dynasty, and to prevent the Tujue tribes from attacking the capital from north, the North Zhou dynasty restored the section of the Great Wall built during North Qi dynasty. Under the circumstance of defending the Mongolian tribes, the Great Wall was used from time to time by the latter dynasties.

During Ming Dynasty, the general Xuda supervised the reconstruction and restoration of the section of the Great Wall from Beijing to Shanhaiguan. According to historic records, general Xu deployed about 15,000 soldiers to restore the Great Wall and it took less than a whole year to complete the section which extends about 800 km. The reconstruction of this section of the Great Wall was also based on the Great Wall built during former dynasties. In this way, to restore the Great Wall saved the emperor a lot of money and manpower. However, most importantly, the reason why the Great Wall was used by the new dynasties is because the wall had long been built to defend the Mongolian tribes.