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Magnificent Construction of Great Wall

Once stepped on the Great Wall, everyone will arouse the proud feeling for the magnificent appearance. Today, I will lead you to have the detail information about the construction of Great Wall in China.

Watch Tower of Great Wall

Layout of Great Wall in Different Dynasties
When related to the construction of Great Wall, everyone will thumb up for the typical grand appearance. The construction could be traced back to the Western Zhou Dynasty of ancient China. However, the Great Wall in that time is just only a line of fortress standing to defend against attacks from the Yanyun. When to the period of the Warring States came, the Great Wall was enlarged and stretched in the four directions. During that time, it varied from several hundred miles to one or two thousand miles. In the Qin Dynasty, the Qin Emperor ordered the laborers to connect these scattered walls and built some new sections. Until in the Ming Dynasty, the Great Wall building was enlarged and the building construction reached its highest peak.

Beacon Towers of Great Wall
As the most important part of the Great Wall, Beacon Towers played a very important role during the war time. If the enemy approached, then the soldiers on the wall would create the smoke in the daytime and light the fire at night to warn their troops. In fact, the construction of Beacon Tower is earlier than the Great Wall. Especially during the Han Dynasty, the officials paid much attention on the Beacon Tower. In the mountain area, these beacon towers are always built by laying pieces of stones and bricks. If in the grassland and desert, they are of rammed-loam construction with different shape and appearance. There are mainly three types of Beacon Tower. The first type is built on the wall. The second type is the ones just located inside the wall connecting the passes or garrisons. The third type is built some distance away from the Great Wall to observe the enemy movements.

Tools of Great Wall Construction
Nearly all sections of Great Wall are built on the high mountains and deep valleys where the transportation condition is very poor. During the hard building journey, the large amounts of stones, earth and bricks were frequently carried by labors on their shoulders or backs. Sometimes, for the deep valleys, they used animals like goats or donkeys for carrying. Also, during the construction, the simple machinery is needed, like the rolling logs, crowbars and many other tools.

Chinese ancient builders used their wisdom and iron perseverance to finish the fabulous Great Wall construction. Magnificent construction fully shows the great spirit of Chinese people. We should protect them and inherited the world wonder!