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Strategies Used to Defend Great Wall

The Great Wall has been used as a defense for the capital and inner land for quite a long time. But to send soldiers and build the wall higher are not the only way to defend the Great Wall. There are some other strategies which were used to defend the Great Wall from being invaded by the Mongolian tribes.

Great Wall

In the beginning of Han Dynasty, the state was in no condition to build the Great Wall to defend the inner land from Mongolian invaders as the construction of the Great Wall costs a sizeable amount of money and labor. Therefore, the Han emperors decided to send some women to the Mongolian leaders to prevent the Mongolian invaders attacking the Great Wall. In this way, the Great Wall was void of being engaged in blood and war. This way of dealing with the invaders had been used till the Han dynasty was ready to attack back the Mongolian tribes. In later times, the dynasties also used this strategy to defend the wall. During Han and Sui dynasties, peace marriages were used to keep the Mongolian tribes attacking the Great Wall. Back then, the women played a key role in softening the ambition of the Mongolian tribes.

Moreover, the trade and granting titles to the Mongolian leaders were other way of keeping the Mongolian tribes attacking the Great Wall. The reason why the Mongolian tribes tried to attack the Great Wall lies in the lack of sources and respect from the Han people. If the Mongolian tribes could get what they want without war or blood, they would be more than happy to accept those offers. The most famous records are about the Ming dynasty. Back then, the Mongolian leader Anda Khan was granted imperial titles by the Ming emperor and decided not to attack the Great Wall. And the peace between the two leaders lasted for a long time. To make the peace last longer, the Ming emperor also gave orders to set up a few passes for trade between the Mongolian people and Han people. Afterwards, the Khan died, but his wife continued his legacy and kept peace with the Han emperors. Ever since then, Han dynasty and Mongolian tribes maintained a peaceful relation with each other.

To sum it up, there are plenty of other strategies used to defend the Great Wall in a peaceful way.