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Sacrifice Alter in Ancient China – Temple of Heaven

First hear the name of Beijing, what do you think of? For different people, the answers are various such as Forbidden City, Tiananmen Square, the Great Wall, Summer Palace, Beijing cate, etc. For me, I think of Temple of Heaven firstly. Temple of Heaven is the place to sacrifice heaven to pray for harvest and peace for emperors in Ming and Qing Dynasty.

Main Buildings in Temple of Heaven

Temple of Heaven, located at southeast of Beijing and east of Yongdingmennei Street. Covering an area of 2,700,000 square meters, Temple of Heaven is the existed largest group buildings for sacrifice in ancient time in China, even larger than Forbidden City. In the whole Beijing city, there are 4 altars including Altar of Earth for sacrificing earth in north, Altar of Heaven for sacrificing heaven in south, Altar of Sun for sacrificing sun in east and Altar of Moon for sacrificing moon in west. Among the four altars, Temple of Heaven (Altar of Heaven) is the most magnificent and majestic. Temple of Heaven was built in 1420 and rebuilt in Ming and Qing Dynasties.

Hall of Prayer for Good Harvest

Temple of Heaven is the floorboard of the Circular Mound Altar and Good Harvest Altar with double layers, shaping the inner altar and our altar. The walls are round in north and square in south represents the heaven and earth. The main constructions are all stand in inner altar. The most famous Hall of Prayer for Good Harvest sits at the most north, which is the most magnificent and grand in Temple of Heaven. Also, it is the closest place to heaven in imagination. The roof of Hall of Prayer for Good Harvest adopted the deep blue glazed tiles, and this color symbolized sky. If you say Tiananmen Rostrum is the symbol of China, I say the Hall of Prayer for Good Harvest is the symbol of this immortal city – Beijing.

Echo Wall

Besides Hall of Prayer for Good Harvest, there is an interesting place in Temple of Heaven, which is the Echo Wall. Around Imperial Heavenly Vault, there is wall in the width of 0.9 meters, which is the Echo Wall. If you speak to the wall in a whisper, people on the other side will hear you clearly, just need to against to the wall. Shooting in the center of Circular Mound Altar, you will hear the bright and heavy from the deep of earth. The sound seems come from the heart of earth or sky, so people named it as Heavenly Heart Stone. All these proved that the ancient Chinese people can put acoustic principle into practice in 500 years ago.

Go to witness the talent of Chinese people!