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Imperial Ancestral Temple

memorial tablet of emperor Qianlong in TaimiaoTaimiao (Imperial Ancestral Temple), located just southeast of the Forbidden City, once served as the imperial ancestral temple of the Ming and Qing dynasties. It was first built in 1420. During the two dynasties, on such occasions as an emperor's ascending to the throne and wedding, dispatching troops into a war, a triumphant return from battle or the presentation of prisoners of war, the emperor would come here to offer sacrifices to his ancestors. The Imperial Ancestral Temple became Heping (Peace) Park in 1924 and was given the present name: Working People's Cultural Palace, in the 1950. Various exhibitions and cultural activities are held here.

 

Three Magnificent Halls in Imperial Ancestral Temple

Covering an area of 140,000 square meters, the compound is laid out parallel to north-south axis of the Forbidden City. Aligned with the central axis, three magnificent halls in Imperial Ancestral Temple are the major The palace complex in Taimiaobuildings of the complex, each with its own supplementary halls. The Front Hall sitting on a three-tier marble base has a double-eaved hip roof, which is covered with yellow glazed tiles. The hall used to be the venue of holding the sacrificial ceremony. At the time, the memorial tablets of the emperors and empresses would be removed here. Flanking the courtyard in front of this hall are two auxiliary halls, which were worship halls for various, princes and meritorious ministers of the dynasty. The Middle Hall was also called Qindian(Sleeping Hall). It houses the memorial tablets of the emperors and empresses of all gene rations of the dynasty. The Rear Hall, which was also known as the Tiaodian (Ancestral Hall) and furnished in the same manner as the middle hall, enshrined the memorial tablets of remote imperial ancestors. Additionally, there are such subsidiary structures as the glazed gates, white marble arch bridges, Shenchu(Divine Kitchen) and Shenku(Divine Warehouse).

 

Imperial Ancestral Temple Tour

Although rebuilt in the Qing Dynasty, the structures in Imperial Ancestral Temple basically remain their original Ming style. The temple is one of the most integrated architectural complexes of the Ming Dynasty in Beijing. As very near to the Forbidden City, tourists of Imperial Ancestral Temple Tour could also pay a visit to this world famous attraction at the same time.