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Jingshan Park

Jingshan Park after snowJingshan Park, to the north of the Forbidden City and east of Beihai Park, is located in the center of Beijing proper on the north to south axis. Covering an area of 323, 000 square meters, Jingshan Park used to be the royal garden of the Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties, and was only opened to the public in 1928.

Famous Jingshan

Inside the Jingshan Park is the Jingshan (Prospect Hill), which rises to a height of 43 meters and is composed of five peaks. From its top visitors can over-sight the entire city of Beijing, especially over the Forbidden City, hence its name. Now covered densely by pines and cypress trees, the hill was originally piled at the time of construction of the Dadu of the Yuan Dynasty, and was called Qingshan (Green Hill)then. It was later extended in the Ming Dynasty when the Forbidden City was constructed. The earth excavated to make the moat was piled up, and five peaks took shape. Since the imperial palace stored its coal here at that time, it became known as "Meishan" (Coal Hill). In later periods, the hill was renamed Wansuishan (Longevity Hilt), Zhenshan (Garrisoning Hill), etc. However, during the reign of Qing Emperor Qianlong, the name was changed to Jingshan, the name by which it is known today. In the Ming and Qing dynasties, the Jingshan was regarded as "Dominating Hill". a symbol of stability of the feudal rulers.

On the summit of Jingshan, five scenery-viewing pavilions were built during the Qing Emperor Qianlong's reign. The central one, Wanchunting (Everlasting-Spring Pavilion), which is a square pavilion with three eaves, four upturned roof corners and yellow--glazed-tile--covered roof, is the highest of Jingshan. Sitting in the pavilion, no one can fail to see the ocean of palaces in the Forbidden City and appreciate a spectacular vista of the city of Beijing. To the east and west of Wanchunting are ZhouShangting (Pavilion of Surrounding Views)and Fulanting(Panoramic View Pavilion) respectively. Both of them are octagonal and double-eaved, and cove red with green glazed-tiles. To the east of Zhoushangting is Guanmiaoting (Pavilion of Wonderful Views), while to the west of Fulanting is Jifangting (Harmonious-Fragrance Pavilion). They two are small round pavilions with double eaves and a roof of blue glazed- tiles. These pavilions are arranged symmetrically with the Wanchunting in the center, in a fascinating manner. Although different in sizes and shapes, they match each other in the whole and have formed a beautiful and harmonious landscape. Each pavilion contained a copper Buddha symbolizing the five kinds of tastes: acid, sweet, bitter, hot and salty. In 1 900, unfortunately, the Eight-Power Allied Forces looted four of these five Buddhas, and the fifth one was destroyed.Jingshan Park at sunset

On the northern part of Jingshan, there are buildings such as Shouhuanadian (Hall of Imperial Longevity), Yongsidian (Hall of Everlasting Memory)and Guandedian(Hall of Morals Observation). Among them, the Shouhuangdian, which was built in 1749 (the 14th year of Emperor Qianlong's reign of the Qing Dynasty)and modeled after the Royal Ancestral Temple, was a special place to pay homage to the ancestors of the imperial family. At present, it is opened as the Children's Palace.

On the eastern side of Jingshan there used to be an old Chinese scholar tree upon which, Chongzhen, the last emperor of the Ming Dynasty, hanged himself in desperation, when the peasant rebels led by Li Zicheng, broke into Beijing in 1644. The tree no longer survives, and a new tree has been planted to mark the site.

Located inside the southern gate of Jingshan Park is the Qiwanglou (Beautiful View Pavilion) where children of Eight Banners paid their respects to Confucius during the Qianlong's reign. Now it serves as a cultural exhibition hall.

Since the founding of lhe People's Republic of China in 1949, Jingshan Park has been renovated several times. Apart from its famous historic and cultural sites and beautifuI views, now the park is also famous for its peony flowers. It is one of the biggest parks for flowers exhibition in Beijing. The best time for viewing the more than 200 varieties and 20,000 plants of peonies inside the park is from late April to mid-May. All the flowers contend in beauty and fascination at that time. They form a grand and beautiful landscape´╝îwhich make the old Jingshan Park a compelling target.


Jingshan Park Tour

With very beautiful scenery, travelers in Jingshan Park will enjoy the time. Also very near to the Forbidden City and Beihai Park, during Jingshan Park Tour tourists could also enjoy the scenery in the world famous attractions.