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Juyongguan Pass Great Wall

Juyongguan pass of the Great Wall under blue skyLocated 50 kilometers from Beijing in a ravine flanked by mountains in Changping District, the Juyongguan Great Wall provided impregnable protection to northwest Beijing and was one of the most important fortifications of ancient limes.

According to the historical records, Juyongguan, a place of strategic importance of bygone days, got its name about 2,000 years ago. The present structure of Juyongguan Great Wall with a total area of 33,500 square meters dates from the Ming Dynasty Walls descend from the top of mountains on both sides of Juyongguan Pass to link withthe stronghold of the pass. Two subsidiary passes were built - Jiankou to the south and Badaling to the north.

Two Gates on Juyongguan Great Wall

The Juyongguan Great Wall has two gates, and a walled—in enclosure was built at the southern gate. Inside the pass is a marble platform called Yuntai (Cloud Platform)finely built in 1 268, or the 5th year of the Zhiyuan Reign of the Yuan Dynasty, 9.5 meters in height, 27 meters in width and 310 square meters in area, it was also called Guojieta (Crossing Street Dagoba), since its arch spanned the main street of the pass and there used to be three dogobas on the top of the platform, which were unfortunately destroyed in the late Yuan and early Ming dynasties later a temple was built on the site but was also destroyed. On the terrace are the remains of stone pillars the foot of Juyongguan Great Walland balustrade richly decorated with dragon heads, flowers and other carvings.

In the middle of the base of the platform there is a hexagonal arched door, which is more than 7 meters high and 6 meters wide enough to allow the passage of horses and carriages. Both side of the arch gateway are decorated with carvings ofthe Yuan Dynasty of Buddhas, four Heavenly Kings, Buddhist gods, animals and flowers and what is more, Buddhist sutras in Chinese, Sanskrit. Tibetan and three other minority languages, which are valuable to the study of Buddhism and ancient languages. These beautiful relief works are rarely seen in China, and are undoubtedly brilliant representation of carvings of the Yuan Dynasty.

Reputed as the "Number One Imposing Pass under Heaven", Juyongguan Great Wall witnessed many important and significant events in Chinese. Many battles took place, such as the wars prior to the decline of the Liao, Jin, and Yuan dynasties. In 1 644, the troops of Peasant Uprising led by Li Zicheng took over Beijing and entered the city from here However, it was because of weakness of the Ming government and poverty of the people but never due to any possibility of weakness of the Great Wall.


Juyongguan Great Wall Tour

Besides its strategic significance, Juyongguan Great Wall was also famous for its charming scenery. As early as the Jin Dynasty, the famous scenic spot of Juyong Diecui(Piled Verdure at Juyong)was listed as one of the Eight Great Views of Yanjing. If you have enough time, Juyongguan Great Wall is really worth visiting.