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Temple of Enlightenment

atupa in DajuesiDajuesi (Temple of Enlightenment) stands at the foot of Yangtai Hill in Beijing's western suburbs. First built in 1068, the 4th year of Xianyong Period of Liao Dynasty, the temple was originally named Qingshuiyuan (Clear Spring Courtyard). Dajuesi became one of the Eight Great Temples of the West Mountain in the Jin Dynasty, and was called Lingquansi (Temple of Holy Spring). In 1428 during the reign of the Ming Emperor Xuande, the temple was reconstructed and adopted its present name Dajuesi.

The Dajuesi (Temple of Enlightenment) faces east and covers an area of 9, 500 square meters. Built according to the terrain, the structures in the temple are laid out along three parallel axes. The whole temple, arranged compactly in order, is solemn and magnificent with great momentum. Arranged on the central axis line are a series of four courtyards featuring the Tianwangdian (Hall of Heavenly Kings), DaxiongbaodIan (Shrine 0f Greatness and Magnificence, or Mahavira Hall), Wuliangshoudian (Hall of Amitayus) and Dabeitan (Altar of Great Mercy), most of which remain the architectural style of the Ming Dynasty.

Temple of Enlightenment

Daxiongbaodian is the core building of Dajuesi (Temple of Enlightenment). There is a terrace before the palace, which is surrounded by the engraved white marble banister. Enshrined in center of the hall are gold-lacquered wooden statues of the Buddha of Three Ages. Two horizontal inscribed boards are hung in the palace, bearing the handwriting of Empress Dowager Cixi.the interior view of Daxiongbaodian

Wuliangshoudian stands on the high base in Dajuesi. Five-bayed in width, the hall has a gable-hip roof covered with gray tiles. The diamond checks of the doors and windows are all ancient coin-shaped and made finely. A Buddha and two Bodhisattvas are worshiped in the palace. All of them painted with gold are made of clay with fine and smooth patterns, which are engraved finely and elegantly. The hanging sculpture of Avalokitesvara in the back of the Buddha statue is relic of the Qing Dynasty. Vivid and lifelike, it is an elaborate work of hanging sculptures. Standing at the highest point in the temple complex is a stupa for Jialing, who was the Buddhist abbot of the temple. The stupa was built in 1747, or the 12th year of Qing Emperor Qianlong's reign. It is more than 1 0 meters high, looking like the white pagoda in the Beihai Park. The green lush pines and cypress trees surround the pagoda. A crystal-clear stream flows by the stupa, and you will feel the water is freezing cold even in summer.

Dajuesi (Temple of Enlightenment) is not only an ancient temple with rich cultural relics, but also a quiet place to spend the summer holidays. The temple is surrounded by mountains, and has abundant plants including famous flowers and ancient trees. A gingko and a yulan magnolia are the most precious of their kinds in Beijing. It is said that the yulan magnolia was brought from Sichuan during the Qianlong era and survives today. It has been more than 300 years old. Perhaps it is the most ancient yulan magnolia in Beijing.

 

Temple of Enlightenment Tour

As surrounded by mountains, Temple of Enlightenment Tour is very popular among tourists in summer. And during the tour to Dajuesi, travelers coudl also learn more about the Buddhism.