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Yunju Temple

Buddist Tripitaka scriptures on stones in YunjusiYunjusi (Cloud-Dwelling Temple), situated in the Fangshan District, southwest of Beijing City, is a famous Buddhist Holy Land in the north of China. Since there is a large amount of precious Buddhist Tripitaka scriptures on stones in the temple, Yunju Temple has a reputation of "Beijing City's Dunhuang Grottoes" . Yunju Temple is also the oldest and largest library on Buddhist scripture on stones in the world.

Originally called Xiyusi(Temple of Western Region), the Yunju Temple was first built in the Daye Period of the Sui Dynasty(605 - 618). The temple, covering an area of 70, 000 square meters, was built on the mountain with a great scale and beautiful environment. On the central axis are five courtyards with six main halls, which are flanked by side halls, imperial palace and monks'  houses. Two magnificent and grand pagodas in the south and north respectively face each other.

 Yunju Temple

What the most famous in Yunju Temple is Buddhist scripture on stones collected in the pit houses in the temple and the Buddhist scriptures storage cave on the Shijingshan (Stone-Scripture Mountain). The Buddhist scriptures on stones are classified into such two types as big tablets and sinail The Interior of Leiyindong in Yunjusiversion. Most of the big tablets are engraved in the Sui and Tang dynasties, while the small version Buddhist scriptures are mainly engraved in the Liao and Jin dynasties. A total of 1 4, 278 stone slabs contain 1, 122 Buddhist scriptures in 3, 572 volumes. They are imbued with great academic and cultural value and provide important material for research into China's ancient politics, economy, culture and art, especially the history of Buddhism and the Buddhist classics.

In order to protect these world treasures, Yunju Temple stored the Buddhist scriptures on stones to the closed underground storage rooms at 09:09:09, September 9, 1999. There are viewing windows in the tour corridor outside the storage houses for people to see the Buddhist scripture boards. In addition, the temple houses more than 77, 000 pieces of Buddhist scriptures on wood-boards and more than 22, 000 volumes of Buddhist scriptures on papers of the Ming Dynasty, so it can be called a place gathering the Buddhist scriptures. In the 1 980s, people also excavated the Buddhist relics from the Leiyindong (Cave of Thunder Voice) in Shijingshan, which attracted the world attention and caused a sensation.

There existed 6 stone or brick pagodas of the Tang and Liao dynasties around the Yunju Temple, all of them being well preserved. Shijingshan, 1, 5 kilometers away northeast of the Yunju Temple, is also named Xiaoxitian(Lesser Western Heaven). It is a branch of Taihang Mountain. There are 9 caves in the green pines and cypress trees at the top of mountain. Of the 9 caves, the aforesaid Leiyindong is the biggest. The stone pillars inside the cave are engraved with more than 1, 000 figures of Buddha, so it is also called Thousand-Buddha Cave. The Buddhist scriptures storage cave in Shijingshan, Yunjusi, and the ancient pagodas form a big treasure house of China's ancient Buddhist culture.

 

Yunju Temple Tour

With so many precious  Buddha Caves, Yunju Temple shows the China's ancient Buddhist culture. So if you are interested in Buddhism, Yunju Temple will be the ideal place for you during your Beijing tour.