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Zhongshan Park

Five-Colored Earth in Zhongshan ParkShejitan (Altar of Land and Grain) is located to the west of Tiananmen Rostrum in the heart of Beijing. It is known as Zhongshan Park at present in tribute to the memory of Dr.Sun Yat-sen.

History of Zhongshan Park

Covering an area of 24 hectares, Zhongshan Park used to be the site of Xingguosi (Temple of National Prosperity) during the Liao Dynasty and Wanshouxingguosi (Temple of Longevity and National Prosperity) during the Yuan Dynasty. In 1421 when he built the Forbidden City, Ming Emperor Yongle also built the Altar to offer sacrifices to the gods of fand and grains, symmetrically opposite the Taimiao (Imperial Ancestral Temple) which stands to the east of Tiananmen Rostrum, according to the traditional regulation of  "ancestral temple on the left and the temple of gods of land and grains on the right". It was used by both Ming and Qing dynasties. In 1914, the Altar was renamed Central Park and opened to the public. When Dr.Sun Yat-sen (Sun Zhongshan) passed away in Beijing in 1 925, his coffin was once placed here to be condoled, and in 1928. the park assumed the present name: Zhongshan Park.

The Shejitan, main structure of the Zhongshan Park, is a square terrace of white marble with three tiers, surrounded by a small square glazed-tile-covered wall having four Lingxing(Literate Star)Gate. The top tier is sectioned and filled with each in five different colors-red, black, blue, white, and yellow--collected from the whole country, to symbolize the feudal dictum: "All land under heaven belongs to the Emperor" So the Altar is also called "Five—Colored Each". In ancient times, a stone pillar and a timber pillar were placed on the center of the Altar representing the Gods of Land and Grains, and then they were replaced by a stone pillar. After the Revolution of 1911, the stone pillar was abandoned, and only the Five. Colored Earth exists.Statue of Dr.sun Yat-sen

North of the Altar is the Baidian (Hall of Worship). Built in 1 425, it was used by emperors to offer sacrifices in the rainy days. The hall is now one of the best, preserved Ming temples of wooden structures in Beijing. In 1 928, it was renamed the Dr.Sun Yat—sen MemoriaI Hall.

Modern Zhongshan Park

Zhongshan Park is a grand example of imperial architecture and Classical Chinese landscape. Ancient trees, beautiful flowers, rocky hills, bridges, charming pavilions, winding corridors and other structures are artfully laid out and, what is more, its more than 900 cypresses, some of which are over 1, 000 years old, provide an extraordinary view. The park is now a large beautiful garden of tall trees, low bushes, blooming flowers and green lawns with ancient cypresses as the principal part. Flowers in season, including tulip, peony, orchid, plum flower, azalea, chrysanthemum and others, are exhibited all year around in Zhongshan Park.

In addition, there are many cultural and historic relics in Zhongshan Park, such as the Baowei Heping (Defend Peace)Archway, Lantingbeiting (Pavilion of the Orchard Pavilion Steles), Xiliting (Pavilion for Rehearsing Rites), stone Iions of Han and Tang dynasties, and so on. Other attractions include Changqingyuan (Evergreen Garden), Yuyuan(Merry Garden), Huifangyuan (Frag rant Orchid Garden), Laijinyuxuan (Kiosk for Meeting New Friends), Tanghuawu (Tang Flower Waterhouse), Xinghuacun (Apricot Flower Village), Shuixie (Waterside Pavilion), and Concert Hall.

 

Zhongshan Park Tour

Located in the central zone of Beijing, Zhongshan Park is very near to some other famous attractions such as Tiananmen Square and the Forbidden City. During the tour to Zhongshan Park, travelers could also enjoy other famous scenery at the same time.