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Location of Beijing

Lying in the northern part of North China Plain. Beijing is surrounded by mountains on the west, north and northeast. The northwestern part of the city is high while the southeastern part is low topographically, with a southeastern plain tilted gradually downward to the Bohai Sea.

Beijing occupies a total area of 16,807.8 square kilometers. Around l0, 4l7.5 square kilometers are mountainous areas, which constitute 62 percent of the total space of Beijing and are at an elevation from 1,000 meters to 1,500 meters above sea level.

The plain area of Beijing covers 6,390.3 square kilometers, which account for 38 percent of the city's total area with the altitude from 20 meters to 60 meters. The Lingshan Mountain located in the west ofthe Mentougou District stands 2,303 meters above sea level, which is the tallest peak in Beiiing.

Major rivers flowing through Beijing include the Chaobai River, North CariaI and Juhe River in the east, as well as the Yongding River and Juma River in the west.