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Yingxian Wooden Pagoda

the whole view of Wooden PagodaThe Yingxian Wooden Pagoda, also named Sakyamuni Pagoda of Fogong Temple, is located in the Fogong Temple, Yingxian County, Shanxi Province. It is regarded as one of the "Three Pagodas in the World", together with the Eiffel Tower in France and the Leaning Tower of Pisa in Italy. It was set up in 2nd year of Da Liao Qingning(1056A.D.) Nearly 1000 years age, the Buddha Palace Mosque was a magnificent mosque.


Yingxian Wooden Pagoda

Yingxian Wooden Pagoda is built on a four-meter-high groundwork with a total height of 67.31 meters, and a diameter of 30.27 meters at its bottom. It is 31.41-meter higher than the White Pagoda in the Beihai Park, Beijing, and 3.21-meter higher than the Big Wild Goose Pagoda in Xi'an. It has 5 floors and 6 eaves if you look it from outside, In fact, every floor has inner layer, so , it has 5 floors outside and 4 floors inside, 9 floors together. The image of Sakyamuni is in the middle of first floor which looks grand and solemn, gives people mysterious feeling. There are 6portraits of Buddha in the wall with proper proportion and bright color. " Feitian" (one of fresco) beside the Buddha head look active and plentiful, glowing with health and radiating vigor, it is a masterpiece among fresco. There is a sitting Buddha who faces to four directions on the 3rd floor. There is a sit image of Sakyamuni in the middle of 5th floor,8 Bodhisattva sit around it.

As there are no inner floors in the center of the pagoda, the image looks more solemn and grand. All these used structure-gap well and designed very scientifically. With a unique octagon structure in each tier, Yingxian Wooden Pagoda has a specially designed iron lightning top that is refined and coordinated with the whole structure. Wind-bells are decorated under the eaves of every tier, tinkling and jingling whenever there is breeze. The pagoda is the oldest and highest wooden structure construction in China and around the world. For nearly a thousand years the wooden pagoda has withstood numerous strong earthquakes. According to historical records, during a severe earthquake lasting seven days during the reign of Emperor Shun of the Yuan Dynasty the pagoda stood firm. Though the Yingxian County area was affected by the big earthquakes in Xingtai and Tangshan of Hebei Wooden Pagoda with bue skyProvince and in Helinger of Inner Mongolia in recent years, the wooden pagoda did not suffer any damage. Tire pagoda's antiseismic strength, proved by these earthquakes, demonstrated the achievement of wooden structures in ancient China.

The Yingxian Wooden Pagoda adopts the structure of secluded chambers in design, presenting a distinctive national characteristic inherited from the Han and Tang Dynasties while leveraging the traditional architectural techniques to the fullest extent. It's scientific and precise in design and consummate in structure, reaching the highest level of the architectural art in ancient China.


Yingxian Wooden Pagoda Tour

In recent years, a batch of precious cultural relics were found in Yingxian Wooden Pagoda, including written and carved Buddhist scriptures and thin silk Buddha figure paintings in the Liao Dynasty, which are significant for our further study on Liao's politics, economy, culture and religion.




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