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Ancestral Temple of the Chen Family

Ancestral Temple of the Chen Family also known as Chen Clan Academy is a place for offering up sacrifices to ancestors and for study. The Ancestral Temple of the Chen Family is located on Zhongshan 7 Road of Guangzhou City, Guangdong Province. It was rebuilt into the Guangdong Folk Art Gallery in 1958.Gate of Ancestral Temple of the Chen Family

Ancestral Temple of the Chen Family was built between the 16th year (1890) and the 20th (1894) year of the reign of Emperor Guangxu of the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911). The famous ancestral temple was jointly built by people whose family name was Chen of the 72 counties in Guandong Province during the late Qing.

The Ancestral Temple of the Chen Family covers an area of 8,000 square meters. The temple is a compound complex consisting of nine halls, six courtyards and nineteen buildings connected by corridors, all separated by walls from the outside world. The Juxian Hall, built on the central axis, is the main hall and also the center of the whole temple. A broad stone platform was built in the front of the hall. The Juxian Hall was originally a gathering place for clansmen of the Chen family and later became an ancestral hall. In the hall there is an exquisitely carved folding screen which is an excellent example of woodcarving. A pair of stone drums in front of the entrance door, measuring 2.55 meters (about 8.36 feet) in height and two colored drawing pictures of door-god of four meters (about 13 feet) height are said to be the best in Guangdong.

The constructions of the Ancestral Temple of the Chen Family are famous for their ornate decorations and sumptuous furnishings. Various kinds of decorations, like wooden, stone, brick, clay, pottery and iron carvings, can be found on eaves, in halls and yards, and along corridors. In front of the temple are six, huge brick carvings, with each measuring several meters in length. The carved walls were built using black bricks, layer upon layer, to form solid and multi-layered pictures depicting legends, landscapes, gardens, flowers, birds and beasts.

 

Ancestral Temple of the Chen Family Tour

Now the Ancestral Temple of the Chen Family Guangzhou City, the Ancestors' Temple in Foshan City, the former Residence of Sun Yat-sen in Zhongshan City and the Opium War Memorial Hall in Dongguan City are regarded as the four major cultural tourist sites in Guangdong Province that attract large numbers of tourists every year.

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