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Tomb of Hai Rui

Hai Rui TombThe Tomb of Hai Rui is the burial ground of the upright official in Ming Dynasty. It is located at Biya Village, Xiuying District, in the western outskirts of Haikou City.

The Tomb of Hai Rui was originally built in 1589 during the Ming Dynasty (1368 -1644), and some of the constructions in the tomb garden remain intact. With an area of over 4,000 square meters (4784 square yards), the layout was designed according to the level of the official titles at that time. Today it is rated as the Key Cultural Relic Preservation of Hainan Province.

Once you enter the Tomb of Hai Rui, you will come upon a long path that leads up to a tortoise carrying a large slab of stone stele on its back with Chinese carvings. There is also a small incense burner in front of the tortoise. The tomb is well maintained with green trees and shrubs surrounding it.

A few more steps after the stone tortoise, you will see the Tomb of Hai Rui. The constructions of the tomb buildings are majestic. A memorial archway stands right at the front of the gate, with the words of "Justice of Hainan" carved into it. Path to the tomb is making of granite and is of 100 meters long. Stones with the shapes of man, goat, horse, lion and tortoise stand at each side of the path. There are other three archways along the path too.

Behind the Tomb of Hai Rui is Yang Lian Xuan (Hall of Advocating Honesty). On the stone pillars of the hall are hanging two antithetical couplets written by Hiarui before his death. In the front of the hall stands the statue of Hai Rui.

Behind the hall of Tomb of Hai Rui is Qing Feng Ge (Pavilion of Cool Breeze), in which the documents about the achievements and relics of used by Hai Rui during his life time is on display.

About Hai Rui

Hai Rui (1514 - 1587), born in Hainan Province, was an official in the Ming Dynasty. He is famed as a statesman for his honesty and performance of his duty as well as his clean life. After his death, people chose the location in obedience to his spirit from 'heaven'.

One story best shows his honesty. Since the emperor wink at the corruption of court officials, he prepared himself a coffin in case of his death penalty by the emperor whose fault would be pointed and said farewell to his wife. He went to the emperor, expressing his criticism and advice. But as expected his words were not accepted but cost his court position and he was jailed. Years later he was released and he returned to his hometown and helped with irrigation projects. At the age of 72, he was employed again by the court to work in Nanjing, and passed away in the third year of his service.

His integrity also gained people's recognition. When he worked for the court, he was needy and could afford for servants. He wrote articles and inscriptions for others to earn money. This was quite uncommon because in Chinese feudal society, most officials had servants and lived a rich life. After his death, people were surprised to find only eight taels of silver and a few clothes when they helped clear up his mementoes.

On the day they buried Hai Rui, their admired official, all the people ceased their own matters to attend the funeral, crying and grieving. When the coffin was carried to the very spot where the present Tomb of Hai Rui is situated, the rope of the coffin broke and people believed this was the place that Hai Rui chose for himself. Thus the tomb was built on that spot.

 

Tomb of Hai Rui Tour

The tomb represents people's esteem towards Hai Rui, an upright and uncorrupted official. During omb of Hai Rui Tour, tourists will learn more about this famous person.

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