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Mausoleum of Genghis Khan

Story about Genghis Khan

Genghis Khan is a great Mongolian hero. He reunified the chaotic Inner Mongolia prairie and led his people to be a great civilization. He made great contributions to the founding of theWhole view of Mausoleum of Genghis Khan powerful Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368) and the unification of China which enhanced greatly the interactions of the peoples of China. Due to this great feat, he was named 'Genghis Khan' by Mongolian tribes, meaning 'powerful king' in Mongolian. Today, Genghis Khan is still worshipped and remembered by his people.

At the end of 12th century, he united Mongolian tribes and challenged other powers to expand his huge Mongolian empire, which extended from South China to the Caspian Sea. In 1277, Khan attacked the West Xia Kingdom (presently Ningxia) and encountered strong resistance. He died of disease and age. The great emperor was later buried secretly according to Mongolian custom. It says that after the burial 2,000 men were slaughtered by some 800 soldiers who were in turn executed so that the location of the Mausoleum of Genghis Khan remains a secret.

Mausoleum of Genghis Khan

The Mausoleum of Genghis Khan, rebuilt in 1954 185 kilometers south of Baotou, is a mausoleum, in which only his clothing is buried in memory of the great leader. The 5.5 hectares mausoleum includes three giant yurt halls which house coffins of the Khan, his wife, his son and his generals.

The halls of Mausoleum of Genghis Khan are all connected and the central hall houses a 5 meter (52ft) statue of Khan against the backdrop of a map of his 13th century empire. The chances that the actual remains of Genghis Khan are housed in this so-called mausoleum are slim to none. After his death, a tribe of Khan's followers dedicated themselves to guarding his remains and hosting memorial services in his honor. They were effective until WWII, when many relics of the great Khan were commandeered by a Japanese government intent on establishing a Mongolian puppet state. The Chinese retrieved them and in 1955 took them out of safekeeping to build this gigantic shrine, thus celebrating the creation of the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region.

The total area of Mausoleum of Genghis Khan is over 50, 000 square meters. There are such scenic spots as Central Square, Iron Horse and Golden Curtain, Euro-Asian Square, Mongolian Historical and Cultural Museum, Temporary Dwelling Palace of the Han Dynasty.

The main structures of Mausoleum of Genghis Khan are three grand halls, which are shaped like Mongolian yurts, and the corridors which link the three halls. In the middle is the Main Hall, which is also the Mausoleum of Genghis KhanMemorial Hall. In the center of this stands a white marble statue of Genghis Khan with a height of over 4 meters (around 13 feet). Behind the statue is the map of the vast territory of the Yuan Dynasty.

On either side of the Main Hall of Mausoleum of Genghis Khan are the East Hall and the West Hall. In the East Hall, coffins of one of Genghis Khan's wives and his fourth son are laid. In the West Hall, Genghis Khan's arms are exhibited. Along the corridors frescos depict the life of Genghis Khan and the great deeds of his grandson-Kubla Khan, who was as great as his grandfather.

In the hall behind the Main Hall of Mausoleum of Genghis Khan there are four biers covered with bright yellow satin. They are said to be the coffins of Genghis Khan and his three wives. There are also two coffins of Genghis Khan's brothers.


Mausoleum of Genghis Khan Tour

If you are interested in the story of Genghis Khan and want to get a deep understanding about him, during the tour to Hohhot, Mausoleum of Genghis Khan is the tourist attraction you should not miss.

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