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Hongcun Village

A persimmon tree in autumn in Hongcun village in AnhuiHongcun is a village in Yixian county, Anhui province (Yixian County), located at the southwestern foot of the Yellow Mountains and 11 kilometers away from Yi County of Anhui Province. It is a peculiar ox-shaped ancient village in the peach blossom valley of the ancient Yi County. The very uniqueness of the residence design in Hongcun Village distinguishes it from that of any other areas, and makes it as one of the wonders of the current World Historical and Cultural Heritage.

 

Hongcun Village

Boasting a history of 800 years, Hongcun Village is full of ancient flavor. And the grassy mountain, clear water makes it a real village in picture. The village is arranged in the shape of an ox: A nearby hill (Leigang Hill) is interpreted as the head, and two trees standing on it mark the horns. Four bridges across the Jiyin stream can be seen as the legs and the houses of the village form the body. Inside the "body", the Jiyin stream can be seen as the intestines and the lakes - such as the "South Lake" (Nanhu) - as the stomachs. The villagers of Hongcun long ago designed this marvelous landscape. Hongcun Village is also the location for the famous Chinese film "Crouching Tiger Hidden Dragon," directed by Lee Ang and starring Chow Yun Fat.

Villagers of Hongcun Village are thoughtful and thrifty in their use of water, and have a strict timetable for each specific need. Before 7:00 am, water is used only for drinking and cooking only. From 7:00 am to 9:00 am it is for cleaning vegetables and other daily-use purposes, after which it is taken to the front yard to water livestock and wash clothes. Used water flows through the village to Yuezhao Lake, and then through another small pond into the village irrigation system.

Lying in the Thunder Hillock and facing the Southern Lake, Hongcun Village covers 30 hectares. It has a great fame for her water-supplying system constructed in Song Dynasty (960-1279). Now it boasts for 158 dwelling houses dating back to the Ming (1368-1644) and Qing (1644-1911) dynasties, nearly 140 are still in good shape.

Now there are more than 140 well-preserved folk residences of Ming and Qing Dynasties in Hongcun Village. The sceneries of the mountain and the lake are in perfect harmony with layers of houses; the natural scenes and cultural implications Hongcun village with blue sky in Anhuireflect upon each other. And one of the perfect is Ideal-Upholding Hall (Chengzhi Tang). Decorated with the typical local style of brick, wood and stone, carvings, they display the ornateness and elegancy of the traditional 15th-16th century edifices, boasting historical and research value, as well as being tourist attractions.

Famous for its exquisite and gorgeous "Three Sculptures" and thus Hongcun Village called the 'Folk Imperial Palace' which best represents the Hui architectural style of marble floors, black tiles, red lanterns, and elaborate wood-carvings. Numerous varieties of figures and patterns are carved on the columns, beams and door frames and are gilded with gold. It is said that about five kilograms (11 pounds) gold had been used in gilding the wood carvings during the construction of the house. Ideal-Upholding Hall is the best preserved. Hundreds of visitors from home and abroad are fascinated by its wood carvings.

 

Hongcun Village Tour

With the beautiful natural scenery and the high fame of 'Folk Imperial Palace', Hongcun Village is really worth visiting during the tour to Huangshan. After the trip, you will find it very meaningful.