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Black Dragon Pool

The Black Dragon PoolAt the foot of Longquan Hill, about 17 kilometers (10 miles) north of the center of Kunming, there is a beautiful place called the Black Dragon Pool (Heilongtan), also known as the Dragon Fountain Temple (Longquanguan). In fact, the place contains many attractions and the Black Dragon Pool is only one of them.

The name of Black Dragon Pool is from an ancient legend; it is said that a long time ago, there were ten wicked dragons that caused much destruction and did great harm to people. One day, one of the Eight Immortals of the Taoism subdued nine of the dragons and jailed them under a tower. Only the youngest black dragon was left, charging with protecting and benefiting the people as the price of its freedom. This dragon is believed living in the Black Dragon Pool till today. The pool is divided into two parts by a bridge, and although the water is connected, the two sides are different colors and the fish in either side never swim to the opposite part of the pool. Moreover, for hundreds of years, this wondrous pool has never dried up, even in drought years.

Near the Black Dragon Pool is the Black Dragon Palace, which was built in 1394 (in the reign of Emperor Hongwu of the Ming Dynasty) and rebuilt in 1454 (in the reign of Emperor Jingtai of the Ming Dynasty). The whole palace consists of three halls and two courtyards, and the main hall features a stone plaque written by the governor of Yunnan in the Qing Dynasty to praise the views here.

In front of the temple there are three huge and ancient trees: the Tang Dynastic(618- 907) Plum, the Song Dynastic(960-1279) Cypress and the Ming Dynastic(1368-1644) Camellia. The View of Black Dragon Poolmain branch of the plum has already died of old age, but the remaining branches growing out sideways are still full of vital force and vigor. The 25-meter-high (82 feet) cypress has a very thick trunk that it needs four or five adults with linked arms to encircle it. The camellia is a prodigious tree which blossoms every year and always precedes the other camellias.

 

Black Dragon Pool Tour

In addition to these sites, there is a very large plum garden, Dragon Fountain Plum Garden, which occupies an area of over 28 hectares (69 acres). More than 6,000 plums representing about 87 varieties create an ocean of flowers at each end of the year, etc. While having the tour to Black Dragon Pool, tourists could also enjoy these attractions at the same time.