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Confucius Temple

Kuiwen Ge of Confucius TempleConfucius Temple, located in the center of Qufu City was originally built as early as in 478 BC, one year after Confucius death. Confucius Temple is a maze of large halls, bell towers, dragon-relief columns, steles and extremely old cypresses propped up by metal hoists. Nestled inside the Confucius Temple stands the famous Lu Wall – where one of the Sage's descendants successfully hid his books of teachings from the emperor's troops. Confucius Temple is a group of grand buildings built in traditional Chinese architecture. Together with the Summer Palace in Beijing and the Chengde Mountain Resort, the Confucius Temple in Qufu is one of the three largest ancient architectural complexes in China. This temple serves as the blueprint for all other Confucian temples in China.

Confucius Temple complex covers an area of 16,000 square metres and has a total of 460 rooms. Because the last major redesign following the fire in 1499 took place shortly after the building of the Forbidden City in the Ming Dynasty, the architecture of the Temple of Confucius resembles that of the Forbidden City in many ways. The main part of the temple consists of 9 courtyards arranged on a central axis, which is oriented in the north-south direction and is 1.3 km in length. The first three courtyards have small gates and are planted with tall pine trees, they serve an introductory function. The first (southernmost) gate is named "Lingxing Gate" after a star in the Great Bear constellation, the name suggests that Confucius is a star from heaven. The buildings in the remaining courtyards form the heart of the complex. They are Thirteen stele pavilion of Confucius Templeimpressive structures with yellow roof-tiles (otherwise reserved for the emperor) and red-painted walls, they are surrounded by dark-green pine trees to create a color contrast with complementary colors.

The main buildings in Confucius Temple are the Stela Pavilions (e.g., Jin and Yuan Dynasties, 1115–1368), the Kuiwen Hall (built in 1018, restored in 1504 during the Ming Dynasty and in 1985), the Xing Tan Pavilion, the De Mu Tian Di Arch, the Dacheng Hall (built in the Qing Dynasty), and the Hall of Confucius' Wife. The Dacheng Hall is the architectural center of the present day complex. The hall covers an area of 54 by 34 m and stands slightly less than 32 m tall.

 

Confucius Temple Tour

Confucius Mansion, Confucius Temple and Confucius Tomb in Qufu, Shandong Province were granted the name of "world cultural heritage" by UNESCO in Dec 1994. During the tour, never miss these three famous attractions!

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