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How Great Wall Crosses the Rivers

The Great Wall crosses the rivers in different ways. Take the Ming Great Wall for example. The Ming Great Wall spans over 8,000 miles from east to west, crossing countless rivers, like Liao River, Luan River, Chaobai River, Yongding River, and so on. In the Ming Dynasty, dating back about hundreds of years ago, the technique of crossing rivers was kind of limited to the use of the bridge. So the way the Great Wall crossed the rivers was in line with the technique back then. Here are some ways in which the Great Wall was built to cross the rivers back in Ming Dynasties.

Great Wall on River

When the construction of Great Wall came across the streams between the mountains, it was built in the way of Guoshuiqiao. The streams always flow in the low valleys, making it easy to cross. And such location makes the defense of the Great Wall even more important. Therefore, there was usually a watch tower built over the streams and soldiers were to man the tower. To build the watch tower over the streams, and to send some soldiers in the tower to guard the tower, made the most use of the Great Wall and the Streams. When it comes to small rivers, there were some water passes built over the rivers. The water passes were always built on flat areas. In this way, the river water could flow through the passes. There were some dams built by the passes.

Moreover, when it comes to the large rivers, there were fences or bridges built over the river. At Huangyaguan section of the wall, there are two hollow watch towers built on both side of the mountain, with an iron fence built across the river. At Yangfangkou section in Shanxi Province, the bridge was built across the river. When the Great Wall came across larger river, the wooden fences were built on the frozen river in winter. These kinds of rivers served as natural defense, so there is no need to build the Great Wall during the other three seasons when the river flows. Back then, the Mongolian tribes always attacked in winter days, as they were not good at swimming. So during winter days, there were many wooden structures built on the frozen river to defend the offenders.

To sum it up, there are many ways the Great Wall crosses the rivers.