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Great Wall Terrain and Structure

As we all know, Great Walls are just like the elegant dragons zigzagging, falling and down hovering the mountains. The terrain the Great Wall traverses is complicated and varied. Long rivers, steep mountains and lofty cliffs as well as the vast grasslands all witnessed the magnificence of Great Wall.

Great Wall of China

Qin Dynasty Great Wall
Qin Great Wall started from the Liaodong and ends at Lintao in Gansu Province. The Great Wall building was built according to the local conditions. The materials are used the local materials. It is said that Qin Great Wall was made of large pieces of stones. In the dangerous locations, there will be many steep cliffs. They are always used as the Qin Great Wall after being chiseled a little. However, in some areas, Great Wall was built by mixing the grit with the local plants such as the red willows, reeds and poplars. In the even plains, the Great Wall was built from yellow soil. Ancient people made them into square shape, layer upon layer. Apart from connecting the scattered sections, Qin Great Wall also ordered to establish some other military facilities including the blockhouses, barriers and beacon towers!

Han Dynasty Great Wall
In the Han Dynasty, they basically imitated the features of Qin Great Wall. Just like, Great Wall materials are used in the local materials. However, the difference is lying in the construction types. The Ha great Wall mainly passed through the grasslands. In this area, the large sale stones are not available. For example, in Dunhuang, there are large amount of bulrush, poplar and red willows. The bulrush is measuring about 1.7 to 2.1 and the grit layer is measuring about 7.9 inches. The remnants of this kind of work remained till this day. Because the willow branch and the grit layer could bear strong tension, the Great Wall became more and more solid and strong.

Ming Dynasty Great Wall
The Great Wall in Ming Dynasty is the most solid and complete wall buildings compared with the walls built in other dynasties. During the building period, more and more lessons they got from other dynasties. Most important is that there are many fortifications were established in the Ming Dynasty. Watchtowers are the big construction with square shapes and high altitude. They still raised the smoke to warn of the dangers.

Different dynasties, Great Wall got different improvement. Under the poor condition, they are finished perfect inherited the great power of culture!

Great Wall Fortification Design

For the Great Wall of China, tourists not only appreciate the magnificent appearance but also very interested in the background, wall buildings, watch towers and some wooden designs, etc. Each of them in the ancient times has certain ideas. Now, I would like to lead you to walk into the ancient Great Wall Fortification Design.

Great Wall of China

Great Wall Passes
From the original time, Great Wall was built for fighting against the enemies. It passed through the hills and dales with typical architecture. During the magnificent project, there are many different kinds of designs for the fortification. First is the typical design of Great Wall Passes. During the Great Wall building, passes were regarded as the most massive defense beachheads on the wall. The main components were always the square walls, gates, gate towers and moats. The most famous period was the Ming Dynasty when there were over one thousand passes. Among these passes, notable ones are Shanhaiguan, Huangyaguan and Juyongguan. Not far away from these big passes, there is small passes established.

Great Wall Beacon Towers
During the ancient times, Great Wall beacon towers were always used to pass military message. It is common that these Great Wall beacon towers were always built on the mountains or high locations to watching the enemies' movements. Because of the unique function, they are rented as the oldest effective telegraph system in Chinese history. Because in the daytime, it is very hard to see the fire, the soldiers took advantage of smoke to pass the message. When night falls, they set fire for sending the message. In the Ming Dynasty, the method was developed. Giving off smoke one time together with a gun shooting suggests that there were about one hundred enemies approaching. In the Ming Dynasty, they also paid much attention on the Great Wall beacon towers. They were always built on the dangerous peaks or wandering paths.

Walls of Great Wall
In the Great Wall construction, walls are the main part. In the magnificent construction, walls play a very important role connecting the passes, beacon towers watch towers and other military structures together. Especially in the vital sections, the walls are built very firm and strong. In some important sections, walls were built layer after layer to block off the enemies who have already reached the walls.

The Great Wall of China gather numerous painstaking and wisdom. It is the treasure deserved to appreciate.

Legend of Jiayuguan Pass

To be as the important pass at famous ancient Silk Road, Jiayuaguan Pass left tourists the impression of solemn and splendid. In Chinese ancient times, for building the important pass, it costs a great deal in terms of manpower and material resource. What the most interesting is that there are many stories, legends aroused during the building period.

Jiayuguan Great Wall

The Wall Stabilizing Brick
For the story of wall stabilizing brick, it is about Jiayuguan Pass. It tells that during the Ming Dynasty, there was a workman called Yi Kaizhan. He got very famous for his smartness. People always called him as mathematician. Before building Jiayuguan Pass, he calculated that it would take exactly 99,999 bricks to build. At that time, the supervisor did not believe him and said that if calculated wrong, all the workmen will suffer from the heavy labor. After this elegant project is finished, there was one brick left behind the Xiwong city gate. After seeing this, the supervisor got very happy and ready to punish the workmen. But, Yi Kaizhan said that if the brick has a tiny move, it would cause the whole project to collapse. After that, the brick remained in place and was never moved. Until now, tourists could find the brick on the tower of the pass.

Goats Carry the Bricks
Measuring about nine meters high, Jiayuguan Pass is elegant project housing ten towers with different shapes and abundant buttresses. During that time, it was very difficult for the construction workers. Under the poor condition without lifting equipment, the workers had to carry the bricks with hand and shoulder. After firing the bricks, workers used oxcarts to carry them to the pass and then had to pass them up onto the wall by manpower. Although there are many workers were sent out, it was still a hard job. However, one day, there was a shepherd boy brought his goats to feed alongside this construction. After seeing the laborious workers, he suddenly aroused an idea. He took off his girdle, tied a brick on each end and put the girdle over the back of a goat. After that, he patted the goat. The goat went on carried the bricks down the road. After seeing this, all the workers became pleasant. They adopted the ideas and carried large number of bricks onto the Great Wall.

After hearing the two legends, would you like to have a closer experience?

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