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Magnificent Construction of Great Wall

Once stepped on the Great Wall, everyone will arouse the proud feeling for the magnificent appearance. Today, I will lead you to have the detail information about the construction of Great Wall in China.

Watch Tower of Great Wall

Layout of Great Wall in Different Dynasties
When related to the construction of Great Wall, everyone will thumb up for the typical grand appearance. The construction could be traced back to the Western Zhou Dynasty of ancient China. However, the Great Wall in that time is just only a line of fortress standing to defend against attacks from the Yanyun. When to the period of the Warring States came, the Great Wall was enlarged and stretched in the four directions. During that time, it varied from several hundred miles to one or two thousand miles. In the Qin Dynasty, the Qin Emperor ordered the laborers to connect these scattered walls and built some new sections. Until in the Ming Dynasty, the Great Wall building was enlarged and the building construction reached its highest peak.

Beacon Towers of Great Wall
As the most important part of the Great Wall, Beacon Towers played a very important role during the war time. If the enemy approached, then the soldiers on the wall would create the smoke in the daytime and light the fire at night to warn their troops. In fact, the construction of Beacon Tower is earlier than the Great Wall. Especially during the Han Dynasty, the officials paid much attention on the Beacon Tower. In the mountain area, these beacon towers are always built by laying pieces of stones and bricks. If in the grassland and desert, they are of rammed-loam construction with different shape and appearance. There are mainly three types of Beacon Tower. The first type is built on the wall. The second type is the ones just located inside the wall connecting the passes or garrisons. The third type is built some distance away from the Great Wall to observe the enemy movements.

Tools of Great Wall Construction
Nearly all sections of Great Wall are built on the high mountains and deep valleys where the transportation condition is very poor. During the hard building journey, the large amounts of stones, earth and bricks were frequently carried by labors on their shoulders or backs. Sometimes, for the deep valleys, they used animals like goats or donkeys for carrying. Also, during the construction, the simple machinery is needed, like the rolling logs, crowbars and many other tools.

Chinese ancient builders used their wisdom and iron perseverance to finish the fabulous Great Wall construction. Magnificent construction fully shows the great spirit of Chinese people. We should protect them and inherited the world wonder!

Profound History of Great Wall

Let us go to climb the Great Wall. From this sentence, you could guess the main goal coming to Beijing is to conquer the elegant building. However, everyone gets that Great Wall housed profound history but did not know in the detail. Now, I will share you the detail history of Great Wall to you.

Qin Dynasty Great Wall

Great Wall in Qin Dynasty
It is said that the history of Great Wall start from the Spring and Autumn Periods. At that time, there are seven powerful states appeared. In order to get the leader position, each state started to fight against each other. During this period, the walls appeared reached 3,107 miles. Until the Qin Dynasty, Qin Emperor unified the six states and became the only emperor. From that time, the first kingdom of China formed. In order to strengthen his newly powerful authority and defend the Huns coming from the north, he ordered to build the Great Wall. So, from then on the famous Qin Great Wall formed starting from the Liaoning to Gansu province.

Formation of Great Wall in Other Dynasties
After the Qin built the Great Wall, the Western Han Dynasty also ordered to build wall for fighting against the Huns. They started to build large scale wall to consolidate the frontier. In the west, the wall buildings along the Hexi corridor, Yumenguan Pass and Yangguan Pass were built. More and more sections were extended. The Great Wall reached its peak in the Ming Dynasty. During the Ming Dynasty, people suffered a lot from the minorities. In order to fight against these invasions, the Ming court from the first emperor to the last made much contribution to the Great Wall project. They added many sections of the Great Wall once built. In addition, they also built many new building into double line and multi line walls. For instance, in the outer of Yanmenguan Pass, tourists could see three big stone walls and 23 small ones. Adding some watchtowers and cannons, it truly made the area strongly fortified.

Because of the profound history and changes, some Great Wall sections have been destroyed. So, we should adopt the methods to protect these world heritages to keep Chinese traditional culture and the wisdom of Chinese ancient workers!

Most Basic Concerns of the Great Wall

You will not be the real hero without hiking the Great Wall. This is very popular saying in China to describe the status of the Great Wall. At the same time, many questions aroused, how long is the Great Wall? How many leaders came here for visiting?

Badaling Great Wall

How Long is Chinese Great Wall?
No matter young tourists, the elderly or the children, they always hold curious ideas to the over length of Chinese Great Wall. In fact, it is a very difficult question to answer, because there are many dynasties contributed to the Great Wall. In addition, there are many sections of Great Wall hidden in the mountains; some are located in the remote areas, grasslands, etc. It created difficult condition to counter the real length of Great Wall. In the year of 2009, it is announced that the length of section built in the Ming Dynasty measuring about 8,851.8 kilometers long from Hushan in Liaoning and Jiayuguan Pass in Gausu. Among the long distance, the sections built in Beijing measured about 550 kilometers long. It is no doubt that Great Wall is regarded as the man-made cultural and natural relic retained from ancient Chinese culture. The new data said the Great Wall distance passed about ten cities or provinces including Liaoning, Hebei, Tianjin, Beijing, Shanxi, Inner Mongolian and Shaanxi, etc. Within the long distance building built in Ming Dynasty, there are over 730 beacon towers contained.

How Many Leaders Visited Great Wall?
Among different sections of the Great Wall, the most famous part is Badaling. Every day, it will receive loads of tourists from home and abroad for sightseeing. From this section, tourists could not only appreciate the charming scenery with fresh air but also enjoy the culture and history of China. During the visit in China, many world famous leaders ever came here. In the year of 1957, Badaling Great Wall received the first foreign honored guest - President Voroshilov, then the President of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR. In the following years, there are over 400 world leaders visited Badaling Great Wall. Among these leaders, over 80 leaders have left valued pieces of calligraphy and best wishes. It is said that until now, Badaling has receive about 150 million visitors from China and other countries.

It is just like the first brand of Chinese tourism industry. Great Wall of China will continually receive success in the future days!

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