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Mound of Great Wall

The top mound on the Great Wall is called Taolai Hedun. In 1539 supervised by the Suzhou Bingbeidao Li Han in Ming Dynasty, it is the most famous mound on the Great Wall from the west to the East. It is the starting point at the western end of the Ming Dynasty Great Wall and is an important part of the Jiayuguan Great Wall defense system.

Great Wall

7.5 kilometers north from Chengguan, the mound stands on nearly 80 meter high cliff by the Taolai River and hailed as the best mound in all the land where the Great Wall is built. In Ming Dynasty, Jiayuguan is home to thirty-nine mounds on the Great Wall. In the city pass, the mounds are interweaved, facing each other to exchange information. The First Mound of the Great Wall is the most important mound in the south of the city pass, charged with the transmission of Guan Nan and Qilian Mountains, as the communication task of military information. There are dock, horse house, camel house, accommodation, product post, equipped with a certain number of guards. The first mound of the Great Wall is an important stronghold of Jiayuguan military defense, once with the majestic Jiayuguan there are many miraculous stories left. There is a poem complimenting the first mound of the Great Wall: "Qingliu Lai discussion on wall, big ridge Qilian off the air. Armor glacier smell remove bucket, flags Peng Kun Sun dance".

The first mound of the Great Wall is a scenic spot and its natural scenery is very spectacular, with Jiuquan to the east, desert to the west. Under the setting sun, it seems like the dragon walks in the mountain. Gazing southward on the mountain all the year round, white and blue sky, it feels more refreshing and very picturesque. No matter which season it is, the scenery never stops surprising its visitors out here. With the early dawn, the rosy clouds across the sky, the sky disappears into the horizon, thousand sights competing with red sky, very pretty and charming. After the rain, the Qilian Mountain is hidden among clouds. Winding mountain changes into various kinds of strange shapes, or look like a cavalry soldier.

Density of Simatai Great Wall

Density is another feature of the Great Wall at Simatai. The nearest watch towers are only 43.8 meters away from each other, the farthest ones about 600 meters, with an average distance of 100-200 meters. According to the provisions of the Ming Dynasty, the watch tower should be built every 500 meters on the Great Wall, so this section of the Great Wall is an exception.

Simatai Great Wall

All refers to the watchtowers and the construction forms peculiar variety. From the exterior view, watchtowers have monocular floor, three-eye tower, four-eye tower and five-eye tower; a single floor, double floor and the three floor. They are hollow fortresses, in different sizes and different form, according to the garrison of the rank level, the number and the terrain the watch towers were respectively built. The internal structure is a brick masonry structure, housing a single room, double room, multi room; the room layout looks like a "field", "well" word; the roof is the most changeful, flat dome roof, octagonal caisson roof, covered bucket top; even the doors and windows are novel and chic with side door, middle door, brick and stone, and exquisite carved granite on the stone gate.

This is rare and precious relics in the Great Wall history. Simatai section of the Great Wall houses fairy tower and Wangjing Watchtower - two representative watch towers. Wangjing Watchtower is the highest point of Great Wall at Simatai with a commanding elevation, 986 meters above sea level, a hollow three-eye tower, two story brick structure. When the day is sunny, Beijing City can be seen from here, hence the name of Wangjing. Wangjing tower offers a panoramic view of the magnificent mountain. The fairy building is the most beautiful structure in the hillside. The inner arch was built with brick, three paths, ten archways gate. The center top is brick octagonal caisson, built with four brick columns. Visitors gently singing inside can hear euphonious echo. The beautiful lotus flower relief on the archway. If it is not defense facilities, it will make for a fairy pavilion. In addition, the wall structure is more exquisite, full of change. Due to the terrain and the military, the wall is divided into the single wall, double wall and the barrier wall, stone and brick mixed masonry, arrow hole.

How Great Wall Was Categorized

The Great Wall of China is classified based on a couple of factors. Misunderstanding the concepts of them will lead to confusion of the Great Wall. There are some common qualities and differences between different sections of the wall.

Great Wall

Here are some main factors which have been used to classify the Great Wall. Some sections of the Great Wall are classified based on its construction period, such as the Ming Dynasty Great Wall, which happens to be the most intact and complete Great Wall well preserved today. There are some sections of the wall which is categorized based on its scale, some larger and complete, others smaller and incomplete. According to records, some sections of the wall are classified based on the builders - including Han and ethnic builders. To know the factors which play a key role in defining the Great Wall is a good way to learn more about the Great Wall. In the eyes of the Chinese people, they are all very proud to have the Great Wall as the symbol of the China. In Chinese, the Great Wall refers to a long wall which spans across northern China for tens of thousands of miles. And as an advanced defense system of ancient China, the Great Wall was built, rebuilt, restored and reused throughout different dynasties. Each of the section has its own recognizable features, either based on history or construction time. Though there are so many different sections of the wall existing across northern China, the Great Wall can be classified according to different characters.

Moreover, the Great Wall was also reused and left to nature during different dynasties in Chinese history. Back then there was no wall built or repaired by the government. By the way, according to historic records, during Song, Tang and Qing dynasties, the Great Wall was not used as national defenses, but some local defenses. As the construction time is different when the different sections of the wall were built, so there are no clear records to indicate how the Great Wall was used as defenses. The last but not the least, the scale also plays an important role in classifying the Great Wall. According to study, some sections of the Great Wall are built larger than the other parts of the wall, making them easily recognizable and architecturally impressive. Overall, the Great Wall can be classified based on different factors.

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