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Off-the-beaten-path Dajingmen Great Wall

Dajingmen section of the Great Wall was built in 21st year of Chenghua reign in the Ming Dynasty (1485). Built on the basis of the Great Wall, it has a history of 500 years. The Great Wall was restored in Shunzhi reign of Qing Dynasty and in the east sitting a "Xiaojing Gate (west exit door)", in the south next to frontier Fort edge, in southwest of Zhangjiakou Fort across the Great Wall. Dajingmen Great Wall has two barbicans, water pass with the Northern Wei Dynasty Beacon Tower, and Wei Bao Ning Yuan Bao castle fortification, North opened two gates (the Dajingmen and the Xijingmen), Nanning fort has a gate (Yong Shunmen). Dajingmen is home to a series of cultural relics, offering amazing natural scenery, military facilities, concentrated in Zhang Yuan history and culture. After the transformation of the Dajing gate square, it became the landmark filled with attractions, perfectly blending with the mountain, river, door, the Great Wall City, revealing the idyllic charms of the area.

Dajingmen Great Wall

Not only Dajingmen provides the understanding of the knowledge of the Great Wall, but also promotes Zhangjiakou as platform for foreign tourists, providing both tourism and historical significance of education. At the same time, here also built a cultural tourism shopping street, repaired Guan Yu Temple and other famous ancient temples. In 2010 it was upgraded to national 4A level scenic spot, including Xi Tai Ping Shan Ming Great Wall, the Xi Tai Ping Shan Wei Great Wall, the Xiaojingmen, Dajingmen, Erlang temple, Guan Yu Temple, stone carving, and far fort Yongshun door etc.

At present, Dajingmen and Zhangjiakou Bao (Bao Zi Li), as well as the Zhangjiakou fort were added into the list of cultural relics of the state, with a number of historical relics and architecture, such as Jiangshi Stand, Taiwan, Three Lady Temple, Guan Yu Temple, Shanshen Temple, Water Passes - all is part of the protection, repair and development. The first stage started from 2010, in 2011, it completed the repair plan, Dajingmen Great Wall is restored to its historical features. In the future, Dajingmen Great Wall and Zhangjiakou fort and the Pingyao County, Shanhaiguan and other famous China traditional buildings of Ming and Qing Dynasties will become a beautiful scenery line.

There is More to the Great Wall

If you have not seen the Great Wall up close and personally, then you may simply think the Great Wall just is a long line of wall. However, there is more to the Great Wall than just a pile of bricks and stone.

Great Wall

Of course there are many parts of the architecture on the Great Wall which are uniform, like the wall structure and the paths on the wall. But there are many other structures on the Great Wall, like the watch towers, beacon towers, crenels, barracks, fortified pass and so on. The dragon-like wall is built with bricks from fired brick workshop. Therefore the brick production increases, brick and tile are no longer the precious materials, so the Great Wall of Ming Dynasty in many places outside the city walls was built as the giant brick masonry wall. At the time the wall was built all by manual forces, rely on manual handling building material, the weight is small, the same size brick masonry walls, not only convenient for construction, but also improve the construction rate, improving the construction level. Secondly, many mountain gates, many with brick masonry crammed into large span arch. These green bricks survived some serious weathering, but the whole wall still majestic to show masonry arch superb skills.

From the tower building decoration, many stone carving are extremely sophisticated, reflecting the artistic talent of the exercise one's inventive mind as craftsmen. The wall is the main part of the wall, with an average height of 7.8 meters, in some places up to 14 meters. All the steep places the wall was built relatively low, flat land built higher. The wall is the main part of a defense against the enemy, its total thickness is wide, the width of the foundation are 6.5 meters, the floor on the wall width averaged 5.8 meters, to ensure two baggage wagons parallel. The wall consists of an outer wall and inner wall, paved with stone. The flat section can increase the width of the lower wall, reinforced wall stability, strengthen the defense of its performance, but also make the wall majestic. The inner wall is an extension of outer city forming the vertical wall on the outer wall thickness, usually with "wall thickness" at the subject.

Overall, the Great Wall is uniform and diverse - all depends on which part you are looking at!

How Great Wall Crosses the Rivers

The Great Wall crosses the rivers in different ways. Take the Ming Great Wall for example. The Ming Great Wall spans over 8,000 miles from east to west, crossing countless rivers, like Liao River, Luan River, Chaobai River, Yongding River, and so on. In the Ming Dynasty, dating back about hundreds of years ago, the technique of crossing rivers was kind of limited to the use of the bridge. So the way the Great Wall crossed the rivers was in line with the technique back then. Here are some ways in which the Great Wall was built to cross the rivers back in Ming Dynasties.

Great Wall on River

When the construction of Great Wall came across the streams between the mountains, it was built in the way of Guoshuiqiao. The streams always flow in the low valleys, making it easy to cross. And such location makes the defense of the Great Wall even more important. Therefore, there was usually a watch tower built over the streams and soldiers were to man the tower. To build the watch tower over the streams, and to send some soldiers in the tower to guard the tower, made the most use of the Great Wall and the Streams. When it comes to small rivers, there were some water passes built over the rivers. The water passes were always built on flat areas. In this way, the river water could flow through the passes. There were some dams built by the passes.

Moreover, when it comes to the large rivers, there were fences or bridges built over the river. At Huangyaguan section of the wall, there are two hollow watch towers built on both side of the mountain, with an iron fence built across the river. At Yangfangkou section in Shanxi Province, the bridge was built across the river. When the Great Wall came across larger river, the wooden fences were built on the frozen river in winter. These kinds of rivers served as natural defense, so there is no need to build the Great Wall during the other three seasons when the river flows. Back then, the Mongolian tribes always attacked in winter days, as they were not good at swimming. So during winter days, there were many wooden structures built on the frozen river to defend the offenders.

To sum it up, there are many ways the Great Wall crosses the rivers.

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