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How Great Wall Got Functioned in Anti-Japan War

As a long-standing fortification along the northern China, the Great Wall not only served as defense in ancient times, but also played an important role in defending the Japanese invaders during the Anti-Japan War.

Great Wall of China

In 1933, the Japanese army marched toward the Great Wall at Shanhaiguan in hope of conquering Rehe - now Hebei Province. The general commander Wutian Xinyi led the army made up of 2 divisions, 3 brigades and 1 air-group, with a total number of over 30,000 soldiers. Soon the defense army of China had to retreat from the Great Wall as a result of lack of supplies and other disadvantages due to the difference of weaponry between the Chinese army and Japanese army. The government of China took some strategy - defend the enemies and negotiate at the same time. Back then, the general of Chinese army Zhangxueliang was replaced by Heyingqin. He founded a board to be charge of the defense of the Great Wall. Later on, He led more than 200,000 Chinese soldiers to defend the Great Wall, though many sections and passes of the Great Wall had been in the hands of the Japanese army. The main battle fields along the Great Wall include Xifengkou, Gubeikou and Lengkou sections of the Great Wall.

Chinese army defeated the Japanese enemies a couple of times, making the most use of the steep mountains, the Great Wall as well as the other advantages in favor of the Chinese army. The Japanese army had to give up the attack many times. However, due to a series of disadvantages and other conditions, the three sites were lost to the Japanese army. Anyway, the Chinese army still put on a good fight with the Japanese enemies along the Great Wall defense line.

Aside from these three locations, there were other sites where the Japanese army attempted to attack the Great Wall, which was mainly located in Shanxi territory. Back then, the communist party sent an army led by Zhude to work with the other Chinese army to defend the Japanese enemies. They caused an enormous loss to the Japanese army with their defense. This victory was the first one since the Anti-Japan war started in China. The victory inspired lots of Chinese people to join in the defense of the Japanese invaders. Overall, the Great Wall played a key part in defending the Japanese invaders.

Water and Great Wall

It is no secret at all that the Great Wall was built upon lofty hills along the northern stretch of China. So it is kind of hard for some to believe that water has something to do with the Great Wall, like the flood and river. However, according to a study related to the Great Wall, there are many sections of the Great Wall which have to cross some lowlands.

Shuiguan Great Wall

Although the Great Wall was equipped with a series of facilities and structures to prevent the water from eroding the wall, it is inevitable to keep the wall away. Aside from the rain water, the maintenance of the Great Wall has much to do with the water. It is said that many sections of the wall which have been penetrated by water. One way of dealing with this issue is to build some towers to distribute the water out of the wall. There is a section of the Great Wall called Liujiakou located in Hebei territory, which has a huge central archway built on the wall to help pass the water. To keep the Great Wall in good condition and keep the enemies away, the Great Wall builders went out of their way to deal with the water erosion which posed a big threat to the defense of the Great Wall.

In addition, there is another structure built on the wall to prevent the water from eroding the wall. It is called Shuiguan. Such structure can still be found at Juyongguan section. The Shuiguan played a key role in keeping the water from penetrating the wall. By the way, the other complex water gates are also equipped with facilities to enhance the protection of the wall. The most famous feature of them is the multiple openings found at the bottom of the wall at some sections. Today, many of the openings have been well restored and repaired to its original glory. Some remains which are well preserved can still be found at some sections of the Great Wall. Moreover, there are still some other facilities used to facilitate the prevention of the Great Wall. there are some pointed buttresses found by the wall, which are believed to be used to break the ice flow and connect the bed of the river. In this way, the Great Wall would be free of the water erosion and flood. Overall, the Great Wall is related to the water.

What Exactly Great Wall Reveals

Hailed as one of the most splendid engineering feat in the world, the Great Wall of China means more than its name tells. There is more to it than meets the eye. Usually, the name of the Great Wall has created much misunderstanding between western and Chinese people. There is plenty more sides about the Great Wall which have not been revealed.

Great Wall of China

To better explain what exactly what the Great Wall stands for, it is best to describe what it does not stand for. Generally, at the mention of the Great Wall, some may mistake it as one Great Wall, but in fact, the Great Wall consists of many different sections spanning across the northern area of China. As it goes without saying, the Great Wall was not built in a single dynasty and built at different areas, so it is next to impossible to connect the wall as a whole. There are a wide variety of sections of the Great Wall snaking across the northern area of China. Moreover, the Great Wall is not all about a pile of bricks and stone, the Great Wall refers to a well advanced defensive system. There are lots of defensive structures built alongside with the wall, like the watch towers, beacon towers and many other kinds of additions. To this day, there are a large number of components of the wall lost along the way, but there are many parts of the structure well preserved on the wall, showing the Great Wall is more than just a pile of bricks and stone.

By the way, the complicated system of the Great Wall is filled with trenches, towers of various shapes and sizes, gates, fortresses and barracks. They are well kept to this day, in quantity, scale, architectural diversity. Sometimes the Great Wall is connected at some sections by the border, other times, the wall is divided apart from each other. Although, the Great Wall is called the Great Wall of Genghis Khan, however, the wall was built mainly at inner land of northern China. There are also some sections of the wall existing in other countries, like in Russia and Korea. Overall, the Great Wall of China runs along the vast northern area of China, overlooking Yellow River and into the edge of the sea. The Chinese people are so proud of the Great Wall, so in the hearts of the Chinese, the Great Wall is called Wan Li Chang Cheng, meaning ten-thousand miles Great Wall.

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