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Adventure Travel to Simatai Great Wall

As one of the most sought-after sights and world heritage sites in China, the Great Wall is well worth adding to your travel list while visiting Beijing. For those who want to experience the ultimate adventure travel in Beijing, the Great Wall at Simatai section is definitely for you!

Simatai Great Wall
Brief Introduction to Simatai
As a most representative part of Great Wall, Simatai Great Wall has long enjoyed a high prestige all over the world. Simatai Great Wall is cut off into two parts by Yuanyang Lake. This lake came into being as a result of two springs, one freezing cold, the other extremely warm. Therefore, when winter comes, the mist will float over the lake which is not frozen at all. The eastern part of Simatai Great Wall zigzags upon knife-cut mountain ridge and within 2.4 miles it climbs up from 295 meters up to 986 meters. Looking from afar, Simatai Great Wall is no less than a giant dragon flying from the lake way up into the sky. Standing upon the Great Wall, looking far into the distance, a wide open view of north China will immediately come into your eyes, the mountains, rivers and the clouds varying in different shapes and sizes.

What to Explore at Simatai
Along this tourist line of Simatai Great Wall, you can also get a glimpse of a series of famous scenic spots, like the legendary Wangjing Tower, Maoyan Tower and Xiannv Tower, as well as the splendid Shoulv Ridge, Ladder of Heaven, Great Wall in the air and various Watch Towers, Block Wall, One-side Wall, Spring of Heaven, Giant Turtle Stone and so on. These splendid and marvelous views are only available at Simatai Great Wall. Climbing up the gentle western part of Simatai Great Wall, you will be filled with lots of fun and shock. While touring around on the wall, you can also get a glimpse of a large amount of ancient structures and decorations. You definitely will be marveled by their delicacy and splendor. These countless incomparable attractions owe a great deal of credits to the unique landforms of Yanshan Range, unrivaled location and the joined efforts of the people from Ming dynasty.

Overall, the adventure experience at Simatai is one of the must-do things for visitors to Beijing!

When and Why the Construction of Great Wall Ceased

Theoretically speaking, the construction of the Great Wall ceased right after the Qing Dynasty consolidated its rule across China, though there were some small sections built to stop the famished farmers going across the borders as well as the small-scale restorations of the Great Wall.

Great Wall
The first reason why Qing Dynasty stopped to build the Great Wall is because it concerns the jurisdiction. The rulers of the Qing Dynasty were Manchu people outside the Great Wall and they even established their own country there. Long before the Qing Dynasty secured its rule all over China, the Manchu people had conquered all of the minority groups living on the northern grassland of the Great Wall. As the first and foremost purpose for constructing the Great Wall was eliminated, the construction of the Great Wall was no longer in need.

The second reason is related to the relationships between different nationalities. Right before the Qing Dynasty consolidated its rule across China, the Mongolian had been allies with the Manchu People. The first ruler of Qing Dynasty promoted the pacific policy toward the Mongolian people, so throughout the rule of Qing Dynasty, lots of Mongolian daughters were married to the Qing Emperors. By and by, the cross-marriage harmonized the relationships between the Manchu and Mongolian people. Moreover, the Qing Dynasty rulers granted plenty of royal titles to the Mongolian people, which facilitated their relationship more. The Mongolian people have ever since been the loyal servants of Qing rulers.

The last but not the least reason why the construction of the Great Wall was dropped has something to do with the awareness of the Qing Dynasty rulers. The most reliable evidence lies in the words left by one of the most famous Qing Dynasty Kangxi Emperor, who once wrote a poem to insinuate that the Great Wall was expended to the seaside, with millions of workmen involved in this massive project, but it did not stop the Manchu people conquering and ruling the whole China. Therefore we can draw a conclusion through the awareness of Qing Dynasty rulers that the continual construction of the Great Wall is to no avail as the rule of China does not depend on it.

To sum it up, the construction of the Great Wall ceased not without some certain historical reasons.

Total Length of Great Wall

According to historical records, the construction of the Great Wall boasts more than 5000 kilometers and started during the two dynasties: one is the section built by king of Qin Shi Huang starting from the west of Lintao, east to the Liaodong; the other is the section located at Hexi Corridor built in West Han dynasty, ending at Liaodong, with a total of over 10000 miles. These sites housing the Great Wall of China today are located in Beijing, Gansu, Ningxia, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Inner Mongolia, Hebei, Xinjiang, Tianjin, Liaoning, Heilongjiang, Hubei, Hunan and Shandong and other 10 provinces, cities and autonomous regions.

Great Wall of China

Due to the time, the Great Wall from different dynasties is not very complete, the relatively complete is the Ming Dynasty Great Wall, so people usually refer to the Great Wall as the Great Wall of Ming Dynasty. Meanwhile, the length of the Great Wall is the length of the Ming Great Wall, starting from west of Jiayuguan, east to the banks of the Yalu river. On April 18, 2009, the State Administration of cultural heritage and the National Mapping Bureau jointly announced the Great Wall east of Liaoning Tiger Hill, West to Gansu Jiayuguan, from east to west through Liaoning, Hebei, Tianjin, Beijing, Shanxi, Inner Mongolia, Shaanxi, Ningxia, Gansu, Qinghai, about ten provinces (autonomous regions, municipalities) and 156 counties, with the total 8851.8 kilometers in length. And it passes through the ditch 359.7 kilometers, the natural barrier 2232.5 kilometers.

On June 5, 2012, State Bureau of cultural relics at the Great Wall of Juyongguan announced that, after nearly 5 years of investigations, Chinese Great Wall boasts a total length of 21196.18 kilometers, located in Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, Shanxi, Inner Mongolia, Liaoning, Jilin, Heilongjiang, Shandong, Henan, Shaanxi, Gansu, Qinghai and other 15 provinces and autonomous regions. The Great Wall walls, trenches, single building, Guan Bao and related facilities with a total number of 43721 items. This is the first scientific and systematically gauge to measure the total length of the Great Wall. In 2009 the State Cultural Relics Bureau published the first Great Wall survey data: the Great Wall has a total length of 8851.8 km. The investigation into the Great Wall shows, not only the Great Wall of Ming Dynasty was measured, the experts also carried out a survey of the Great Wall built during Qin and Han Dynasties and other times.

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