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Great Wall in Jin Dynasty

In Chinese history, Great Wall built in Jin Dynasty was to fight against the neighbors - Mongols. For the world wonder, its history and the building construction are enough to gain high fame. Now, let us walk into Jin Dynasty Great Wall.

Great Wall in China

Great Wall Prior to Jin Dynasty
After the Sui Dynasty collapsed, glorious Tang Dynasty established. In Tang Dynasty, all the people lived happy life and the economy and culture are very prosperous. During this time, there was no war and trouble. After the Tang Dynasty came to the Song Dynasty, Song Dynasty had treat from its neighbors, Liao, Western Xia, but it did not build any fortification walls. Later, according to the history records, there was one section of Great Wall built in Liaoning Province. In the year of 1026, the Nuzhen Nationality occupied the territory and constructed several beacon towers and fortress for defense. Later these constructions became the important part of the defense system. During this period, Great Wall was enlarged reached to the Jilin Province.

Great Wall Construction in Jin Dynasty
In the year of 1115, Nuzhen Nationality formed Jin Dynasty. In order to fight against the invasion of the neighbors, Jin Dynasty built a large scale building construction. However, the Great Wall built in Jin Dynasty is not the same as those previous walls. Some sections of Jin Dynasty Great Wall, ditches and subsidiary walls were built to enhance the defensive function. About experiencing 75 years, Jin Dynasty was finished composed by two major sections including the Mingchang Old Great Wall and the Mingchang New Great Wall. Mingchang Old Great Wall has another name of Border Fortress of the Jin Dynasty. Stretching about 500 kilometers, this Great Wall section is located in the Hilongjiang Province. Mingchang New Great Wall is also called the Inner Wall of Jin. Being built to fight against the invasion of neighbors, the whole section stretched about 1,500 kilometers long. Running from Hetao area of Inner Mongolia at the West, via many provinces, this section showed still vigorous. Now, tourist could appreciate the site of Great Wall in the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region.

Entering into Yuan Dynasty, it is no need to construct the defenses on the border, because during that time, the border has reached both Asia and Europe. The new era of Great Wall started a journey from the Ming Dynasty.

Can Great Wall Be Seen From the Space?

For the magnificent Great Wall, everyone hold mysterious feelings and fresh ideas to enjoy its long-distance journey, complex building structure and the background history. It is no doubt that Great Wall is the longest man-made buildings under heaven. For a long time, Great Wall is believed to be seen from the space. Is that true?

Great Wall of China

Topic Views
For the hottest topic, there are many ideas and sayings. It is said in order to find the right result, many astronauts ever flied to the space and verified the saying and took pictures as evidence. The astronauts said that in the space, Great Wall is just like a black worm, zigzagging falling and down. For this proud answer, Chinese people mixed into for many years. Later, for the same question that is the Great Wall visible from the space. The first Chinese astronaut - Yangliwei was lifted into the outer space and gave the definite answer 'no'. For the strong response, Chinese people feel depressed. However, the research corrects the wrong view. Although Great Wall looked very magnificent and elegant, it still could not be seen from the space.

Other Useful Evidence
Besides Chinese astronauts, other evidences could support this idea. The first set foot on the moon in the year of 1969, American aviator - Armstrong said that he only got the continent, lakes and the spots touched with the red but the Great Wall. From the moon, he could capture any man-made project. Later, there are two astronauts also proved the view that Great Wall could not be seen from the space.

Theoretically Speaking
For the theoretically speaking that the Great Wall could be seen from the space, because it is narrow and irregular. In the space, the obstacles showing irregular are hard to see and observe. Measuring about 10 meters wide on average, Great Wall is very easily to be immerged from the surrounding environment. It is said that to see the Great Wall in the space is equal t see the hair from 2,688 meters away. Apart from that, some people introduced the idea to make the Great Wall visible from the space. The condition is we should light the spotlights on the Great Wall. If do that, in the space, it will be possible to see the Great Wall.

Calligraphy on Tablet of Shanhaiguan Pass

Today, when we came to the Shahaiguan Pass, what appeared in the eyes first will be the five Chinese words Tian Xia Di YI Guan written on the tablet. The five words mean the First Pass under Heaven. These five words showed magnificent and solemn. Most of the tourists would wonder who and why wrote the words.

Shanhaiguan Great Wall

The Person called Xiao Xian
It is said that these five words are written by the ancient people called Xiao Xian who lived in the Ming Dynasty. During that time, he was one of the great calligraphers and very upright official. Honest character lead other corrupt officials slander him. After that, Xiao Xian resigned his position at court and returned to his hometown. During that time, the emperor ordered the creation of a tablet for the east gate of Shanhaiguan Pass as a display of his country power. After receiving this task, the chief official got very worried, because he had no ideas about the words, not to speak of the calligraphies. As everyone got that Xiao Xian was a very famous calligraphy in the Ming Dynasty, so the chief official went to find Xiao Xian and beg him to finish the characters on the tablet.

Preparation before Handwriting
Met Xiao Xian, this official expressed his sincerity and moved Xiao Xian. At last, he agreed to do this calligraphy. But, Xiao Xian did not start his work for the handwriting but doing the physical exercises every day. Every day, he carried water on the far and hoed in the farm field. These behaviors without exercising the handwriting every day made the official upset. Until one day, there is another official ordered to heck the characters. This chief got very worried and ran to beg Xiao Xian and communicated how to deal with. However, Xiao Xian is still exercising. Xiao Xian answered the handwriting is not an easy job and he needed to practice well. He needed to cultivate the inner force. Later, he declared it is time to write.

Successful Handwriting
After that, Xiao Xian took out his brush and wrote down the great words Tian Xia Di Yi Guan. When the chief rushed to copy, one stroke of one word was missing. With great deliberation, Xiao Xian took out his handkerchief, screwed up and dipped it into the ink finished the stroke.

This is a story about the moral. It told people that grasping the inner resources is very important!

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