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Terrific Half Day Hiking Tour

I really enjoyed a terrific half day Great Wall climbing in Beijing! The main reason I think is that I discovered a wonderful tour operator. Staying in Beijing for my business, I spare half day to enjoy relaxed and realized my dream. To my surprised is this tour type is very suitable for me. I liked it very much!

Badaling Great Wall

Tour guide picked me up at the hotel in the downtown area. I was very happy that day. Tour guide is a university student, very intelligent and considerate. Most important is that her English is very good telling me much about Beijing and the itineraries. On the journey to Badaling Great Wall, I tasted the suburb area' tranquility and natural charm. I liked this environment very much. Driver is non-smoker offering us fluent journey. About 1 hour, we arrived at the foot of Badaling Great Wall. After getting off the car, what appeared to me the wild appearance of surroundings. The vendors here are crowded selling all kinds of articles. After lingering for ten minutes, I started our hiking journey.

In the beginning, I was very happy, singing and appreciating. I thought I finally got my favorite, really proud and exciting. The grasses growing alongside are very delicate accompanying with this magnificent wonder year by year. Most of the important is the tourists coming here are less than I imagined. Oh, so many marks built in the Great Wall writing: No Littering Anywhere, Pay Attention to the Roads or No Running Anywhere and No Climbing Anywhere, etc many marks given to tourists. There are built the handrails both side suitable for the disable, elder and little children, wonderful design! Gradually, the delicate-design watchtower appeared in front of me. Oh, it is more terrific than the book said. Yes, there are four windows decorated. The ancient soldiers just through here observe the enemies. This time, I have been very tired. Sitting beside the wall, I closed my eyes feeling the surroundings. This kind of feeling is just experience only self-experiencing! After enjoying a relaxed, I went on my climbing journey.

About twenty minutes, when I saw the marks warning, I knew, it is not far from the terminal. I did my best to continue. Wow, so terrific! I finally enjoyed the bird view about the surroundings. I shouted to the far distance with the clear echoing sound. Such a wonderful half day tour, I liked very much!

Stepping into Autumn Season

Perhaps, you have visited many natural and historical scenic spots during your Beijing tour. With autumn season is becoming, more and more golden sceneries appear to lure tourists. Among these sceneries, the landscapes in Lingshan will be the first. Now, let us walk into this mysterious land.

Beijing Lingshan Mountain

Layout of Lingshan Mountain
As the highest mountain in Beijing, Lingshan has the fame as the Beijing Mount Everest. About 120 kilometers from downtown Beijing, it conquered tourists with tranquil environment and charming natural sceneries. Just stepping in this area, you feel you have gone into the wild land without any disturbing. What you can do is just enjoying the peaceful world. The superb natural scenic area is famous for the magnificent mountain peaks, a vast area of alpine meadow and a rich resource of animals and plants.

Delicate Sceneries inside Lingshan Mountain
Once stepped into Lingshan Mountain, what waits you is the tempting scenery of plateau and grassland. The vast alpine meadows are just like a green carpet covering the mountain top. Large scale of woods and more than 80 varieties of plants will impress your first impression. As the autumn coming, they will become golden colors forming a sparkling world. Even it is the late autumn season, the wild flowers are still in the utmost blossom. Sometimes, they attract loads of butterflies for dancing here, extremely perfect and terrific! In addition to the natural sceneries, the animals are a must-see scenic spot. More than 700 kinds of animals harmoniously cohabit this natural environment. It is easy to find the spot foxes, flocks of berghaan, active squirrels, stirring hares and many other lovely animals. It is really a natural creature world.

Attractive Activity
This dreamy world offers heaven-made sceneries. What the most attractive is during the early autumn season, s special Tibetan folklore festival is held to display Tibetan life. During this period, tourists can enjoy the real Tibetan-style songs and dances deep understanding about their rooted culture and history. In addition, many interesting activities will be held here including the campfire, shooting, tug-and-wars and other spots. At the same time there are delicious food and snacks waiting for you, milk tea, barbecue and other delicious Tibetan food.

Too many wonders that Lingshan Mountain bring during autumn season, if you want to experience terrific autumn holiday, join us!

How the Great Wall Functions for Defense

Back in ancient times, the Great Wall played an important role in defending the capital city. Specifically, the function of the Great Wall mainly lies in: on one hand, the Great Wall served as efficient defense toward the attackers, one the other hand, it bluffed the attackers with its magnificence and grandeur.

Great Wall of China

The reason why the Great Wall could carry out efficient defense is because it was built mainly to stop the Mongolian rivalry. The Mongolian rivalry was very good at blitz attack, which means they are very quick while carrying out military operations, compared with the inland army mainly made of infantry. It would be extremely difficult to defend the Mongolian rivalry without the Great Wall as fortification. The fact had been seen as early as the Han Dynasty, when the famous official Chaocuo offered his advice in his letter to the emperor. The main idea of the letter says that the Mongolian army was very quick to attack and retreat from the border, and if no army sent over there to defend them, the border residences would be disappointed in the jurisdiction of Han government; if the army was sent over there, but the Mongolian army was nowhere to be seen. So he strongly suggested that the best way to defend the Mongolian attackers would be to build the Great Wall. About 1,000 years later, the famous general Qi Jiguang also commented that the most effective way to defend the Mongolian rivalry would be to build a defensive system made of the Great Wall, therefore the Mongolian rivalry would be blocked outside the wall and could not fully make the most use of their advantage.

The rivalry is very aggressive when engaged in battles. When the rivalry attacks, the infantry stands little chance of winning a battle, just the infantry of today facing the tanks. However, the construction of the Great Wall changed everything. According to records, back in West Han Dynasty, the Mongolian army had attempted to attack the Great Wall for many times, but ended up with failure. The main reason was because back then the Han Dynasty had built an advanced defensive system based on the Great Wall and there were plenty of defensive facilities built on the wall, like the beacon towers, watch towers and crenels as well as passes.

On the other hand, the magnificent Great Wall also caused some inferiority in the mind of the attackers. There are many records left to indicate the attack from the Mongolian tribes became less and less during some certain dynasties.

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