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Top 3 Historical Sites in Beijing

Beijing, a dazzling city, gathered political, culture and intellectual center of China. Whether you enjoy Chinese history, entertainment, art or nightlife, Beijing is a must-see destination for your China tour.

Appreciate Beijing Great Wall
Beijing Great Wall Hiking Tour

As we all know, Great Wall of China is one of the greatest wonders of the world. Just like a gigantic dragon, this great building winds up and down across deserts, grasslands, mountains and plateaus, stretching far distance. With profound building history and deep culture connotation, some sections of Great Wall are now in ruins or have disappeared. However, Great Wall of Beijing is still one of the most appealing attractions all around the world owing to its architectural grandeur and historical significance. Especially Jinshanling Great Wall, it remains the original feature of Chinese ancient times with less renovation. Best view for hiking and walking.

Explore Temple of Heaven
The Place for Emperors to Worship the Heaven

Set in the middle park of 270 hectares. Temple of Heaven is an outstanding example of Confucian architecture, dating from the Ming Dynasty. The park grounds are square, although the northern edge follows a curve, a symbolic expression of the fact that the emperor, in offering his sacrifices, had to leave the square-shaped earth for the round-roofed heaven. An exquisite example of Chinese wooden architecture and constructed without the use of a single nail, the round, 40-meter high Hall of Prayer for Good Harvest has three levels covered with deep blue tiles that symbolize the color of heaven. Wonderful building construction created an eternal mark making the success of China.

Enjoy Garden View of Summer Palace
Longevity Hill and Kunming Lake in Summer Palace

With the highest prestige and luxury beauty decoration, Summer Palace, being the largest and best preserved royal park, greatly influences Chinese horticulture and landscape with its famous natural views and cultural interests. It has long since been recognized as 'The Museum of Royal Gardens'. The beautiful holy land radiates the fully natural beauty and the grandeur of royal gardens. Composed mainly of Longevity Hill and Kunming Lake, Summer Palace occupies an area of 300.59 hectares. Divided into the Court Area, Front Hill Area, Rear Hill Are and Lake Are, Summer Palace will step a new world to show off.

Sacrifice Alter in Ancient China – Temple of Heaven

First hear the name of Beijing, what do you think of? For different people, the answers are various such as Forbidden City, Tiananmen Square, the Great Wall, Summer Palace, Beijing cate, etc. For me, I think of Temple of Heaven firstly. Temple of Heaven is the place to sacrifice heaven to pray for harvest and peace for emperors in Ming and Qing Dynasty.

Main Buildings in Temple of Heaven

Temple of Heaven, located at southeast of Beijing and east of Yongdingmennei Street. Covering an area of 2,700,000 square meters, Temple of Heaven is the existed largest group buildings for sacrifice in ancient time in China, even larger than Forbidden City. In the whole Beijing city, there are 4 altars including Altar of Earth for sacrificing earth in north, Altar of Heaven for sacrificing heaven in south, Altar of Sun for sacrificing sun in east and Altar of Moon for sacrificing moon in west. Among the four altars, Temple of Heaven (Altar of Heaven) is the most magnificent and majestic. Temple of Heaven was built in 1420 and rebuilt in Ming and Qing Dynasties.

Hall of Prayer for Good Harvest

Temple of Heaven is the floorboard of the Circular Mound Altar and Good Harvest Altar with double layers, shaping the inner altar and our altar. The walls are round in north and square in south represents the heaven and earth. The main constructions are all stand in inner altar. The most famous Hall of Prayer for Good Harvest sits at the most north, which is the most magnificent and grand in Temple of Heaven. Also, it is the closest place to heaven in imagination. The roof of Hall of Prayer for Good Harvest adopted the deep blue glazed tiles, and this color symbolized sky. If you say Tiananmen Rostrum is the symbol of China, I say the Hall of Prayer for Good Harvest is the symbol of this immortal city – Beijing.

Echo Wall

Besides Hall of Prayer for Good Harvest, there is an interesting place in Temple of Heaven, which is the Echo Wall. Around Imperial Heavenly Vault, there is wall in the width of 0.9 meters, which is the Echo Wall. If you speak to the wall in a whisper, people on the other side will hear you clearly, just need to against to the wall. Shooting in the center of Circular Mound Altar, you will hear the bright and heavy from the deep of earth. The sound seems come from the heart of earth or sky, so people named it as Heavenly Heart Stone. All these proved that the ancient Chinese people can put acoustic principle into practice in 500 years ago.

Go to witness the talent of Chinese people!

Temple of Heaven - A symbol building of Beijing

Once I thought that the Temple of Heaven is just the place for emperors to worship the heaven so besides the main hall there won't be any other attractive places deserve to visit. However I was completely wrong after personally visited there. And I would like to share my experience in the Temple of Heaven to the other attractions except the three main buildings – the Hall of Prayer for Good Harvest, Imperial Vault of Heaven and Circular Mound Altar.

Taiji Ball

Actually the Temple of Heaven now has become a big park. Also in order to let tourists feel easier to visit, every entrance of the park offers the electronic tour guide (Chinese cost 10 Yuan and foreign languages cost 40 Yuan). If you are traveling all by yourselves it will help you a lot during the tour. I entered through the East Gate and got the view of the main hall – the Hall of Prayer for Good Harvest, beautiful. Walking towards it, on the right side there is a big square for people to do exercises. On the ground there set different kinds of exercise equipments and hundreds of people playing there during the day time. Some are playing Taichi Ball, some are dancing, some are playing shuttlecock, so happy. They were all very friendly and invited me to join them.

Handcrafts

Went on the journey I saw a lot of people sitting on the gallery crocheting small things including hats, bags, purse and little animals, so lovely. Hiding from the bright sunshine, I bought a hat for 35 Yuan, beautiful! This gallery is called "72 Long Gallery". Why got this name since it is not very long actually? This is because it has 72 gaps. The decorations and the color are all very simple and elegant, symbolizing the serious atmosphere of the sacrifice. This gallery is the road to the Hall of Prayer for Good Harvest.

Cypress Forest and the Flower Garden

Went on you will find the Cypress Forest and the Flower Garden. On both sides of the clean road setting chairs for tourists to have a rest. Sitting on the chair, with gentle breezing, green trees, relaxed! In Cypress Forest there planted the old trees with hundred years history. In the garden there plant different kinds of flowers including peony, the Chinese rose and others I did not know the name. During the period of midsummer, here will be the flower sea. Never miss the beautiful scenery in the garden during your tour of the Temple of Heaven.

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