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Classic Architectures in Beijing Central Axis (1)

Walking along the axle wire of Beijing, you will find various classic constructions. They represent the ancient architecture and they are the outstanding of architecture. No matter what season, you could find the interests of these symbols.

Night View of Yongding GateYongding Gate
From south to north, the first appears to you is the Yongding Gate which is the head of dragon in axle wire. Yongding Gate sits at between Zuoan Gate and Youan Gate, is the biggest among the seven gates of old Beijing outer city, also is the important way come in and go out Beijing from south. In order to rebuild the Yongding Gate Tower, state dismantles many buildings and shows the wall of altar in west and east. The rebuilt space is planted many grasses and become the greenbelt. The moat and new Yongding Gate become the new scenery of south of Beijing.

Zhengyang GateZhengyang Gate
Zhengyang Gate, built in Yongle of Ming Dynasty, continued to use the old Lizheng Gate in Yuan Dynasty firstly. In 1439, all nine gates were rebuilt completely, and the Lizheng Gate was renamed as Zhengyang Gate. The standard of Zhengyang Gate is higher than other eight gates. There is an old say about Zhengyang gate, which is Four Doors, Three Bridges and Five Pailous. Four Doors refer to four door opening, including Chenglou Door, Jianlou Door, and doors in west and east. Three Bridges refer to Zhengyang Bridge, divided into three sections. The middle one direct refer to Jianlou Door, is named as Imperial Way, is the only way for rulers. Five Pailou refer to the Pailou sits at front of Zhengyang Gate. Now, just Zhengyang Gate Pailou was rebuilt.

Chairman Mao Memorial HallChairman Mao Memorial Hall
Chairman Mao Memorial Hall, the modern construction in axle wire, is located at Tiananmen Square and original old address of Zhonghua Gate. Covering an area of 57,000 square meters, Chairman Mao Memorial Hall includes courtyard and memorial two parts mainly. In addition, the open time of Chairman Mao Memorial Hall is limited. Just from 8:00am to 12:00am from Tuesday to Sunday. It is one of the most important buildings in Tiananmen Square.

Tiananmen Tower - Landmark of BeijingTiananmen Tower
Tiananmen Tower, the front door of imperial city in axle wire, was built in 1417. It is the outstanding of ancient architecture art, also is the image reflection of feudal hierarchy: the middle bridge carved with dragon was the only way for emperors, named as Yulu Bridge; both sides bridges carved with lotus were the ways for prince, named as Wanggong Bridge; the outer both sides bridges for officials who sit three-level before, named as Pinji Bridge and the furthest sides bridges were named as Gongsheng Bridge for low-level people. Since 1987, Tiananmen Tower was opened to public formally. It attracts large number of tourists to enjoy its scenery.

Wandering around Forbidden City

Forbidden City, the supreme power center in 5 centuries of China, becomes the invaluable historical witness of Chinese civilization in Ming and Qing Dynasties. The palaces of Forbidden City were arranged along with the axle wire. This axle wire is not only passes through the Forbidden City, but also the whole city. How grand it is! Around Forbidden City, you will find much more funny places.

Donghuamen Night Market

In east of Forbidden City, there is a gate named as Donghua Gate. It is usually used for workers. But at night, it becomes more flourishing just because of Donghuamen Night Market. Various snacks stalls connected as a scenery line, along with the cooking smell, you will find the natural, enthusiasm and simple old amorous feelings of ancient Beijing. No matter what season, you will have chance to taste the local authentic snacks in Donghuamen Night Market. Gathered almost 200 stalls, Donghuamen Night Market has famous and high-quality snacks across the country. Here will give you cool in summer and warm in winter.

Beijing Wangfujing Street

Wangfujing Pedestrian Street is located at east of Tiananmen Square and it is 1,800 meters totally. Today, Wangfujing has been rebuilt to be a flourishing comprehensive business pedestrian street. Rebuilt Wangfujing shapes the structure of golden cross, focus on the crossroads of west exit of Jinyu Hutong, the east street is hotel street, the west is the leisure and snack street, the south street is he flourishing business pedestrian street and the north street is the entertainment and culture street. Wangfujing Street is the gathering place for many famous shops and shopping malls. You can buy anyone you want here without any troubles.

Dongjiaominxiang Hutong

The longest hutong – Dongjiaominxiang, is the embassy area in old Beijing. It is one of the hutongs in Dongcheng District, starts from east road of Tiananmen Square in west to Chongwenmennei Street in east, and total 3 kilometers long. It is the longest hutong of old Beijing. History leaves various western constructions in different styles, and they attract many travelers from home and abroad. The shortest hutong – Yichidajie, is only more than 10 meters, sits at southeast of east exit of Liulichang East Street. From east to west, it is worthy the name of the shortest hutong in Beijing. It has only 6 shops in 10 meters, and it is the epitome of Beijing hutong. Now, this hutong has been merged into Meimeixiejie.

Strolling along Qianmen Commercial Street

Qianmen, in mouth of people, includes Zhengyang Gate, Pearl Market and Dashilan area. Qianmen is the most important place on axle wire of Beijing, also is the core area of protection of ancient capital features. In Ming and Qing Dynasties, Qianmen is the necessary road to Temple of Heaven and Altar of the God of Agriculture. Nowadays, Qianmen Street still keeps the style of history.

Panorama View of Qianmen Street

Eat in Qianmen. Walking in Qianmen Street every time, I have a feeling of pass through. Even through Qianmen Street is crowded with tourists and fashion music, the Dashilan is still old and restores ancient ways. In ancient time, Beijing was called as Peking, the Qianmen is the gathering place of cate including many characteristic restaurants. After hundred years, Quan Ju De shapes its own style of cooking including Quan Ju De Roast Duck and 400 dishes, which was loved by the governments, officials and social celebrities. The past Prime Zhou liked to select the Quanya Banquet as the state banquet.

Go shopping in Qianmen. Qianmen Street is the famous business street and old culture street, located at axle wire of Beijing, and starts from Moon Bay in north to Tianqiao Intersection in south. With 570 years history, Qianmen Street is also known as Heaven Street. It is 845 meters totally, is Pedestrian Business Street. Only both sides of Qianmen Street is covers an area of 66,000 square meters, contains about 180 shops. The long history of Qianmen Street shapes the old famous shops such as Liubiju Paste, Tongrentang Drugstore, Ruifuxiang Silk Store, Neiliansheng Shoes shop, etc.

Tramcar in Qianmen Street

Play in Qianmen. The world famous Laoshe Tea House created in 1988, is located at west of Qianmen Street, and close to Tiananmen Square. It is the representative gathering place of tea house culture of old Beijing, national demonstration base of the cultural industry and AAA tourist scenic spot. Here, you can enjoy the original characteristic performances, taste Chinese famous tea, buy top-level tea and eat the imperial characteristic snacks. Especially, you will see many celebrities in night shows. All these featured national art and programs attract travelersdeeply. Laoshe Tea House is called as the window of showing the essence of Chinese culture art and the bridge connects the friendship of home and abroad, and it is the human landmark of Beijing culture.

Qianmen Street is good place to eat, play and go shopping. Here, you have good chance to appreciate the most characteristics of Beijing.

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