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Taklamakan Desert

The Taklamakan Desert or Taklimakan in Chinese, lies in Central Asia, in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region of China. This is the largest desert in China and the second largest shifting-sand desert among the world, occupying an area of over 33, 700 square kilometers (over 13,000 square miles).

Taklamakan Desert is bounded by Kunlun Mountains to the south, Pamir Mountains and Tianshan Mountains to the west and north respectively. It is crossed by two branches of the Silk Road at its southern edge as travelers sought to avoid the arid wasteland.

There is no water in Taklamakan Desert and it is hazardous to cross. Takla Makan, in Uigur language, means 'you can get into it but can never get out'. Or the desert has another name 'the Sea of Death'. There is no doubt that its name connotes fear and it is considered very powerful among the people. While Merchant caravans on the Silk Road would stop for relief at the thriving The Taklamakan Desertoasis towns. The key oasis towns watered by rainfall from the mountains were Kashgar, Marin, Niya, Yarkand, and Khotan (Hetian) to the south,  Kuqa and Turfan in the north, and Loulan and Dunhuang in the east.

In Taklamakan Desert area, the sand dunes are usually 100 meters high with some being more than 300 meters higher. These sand dunes are always moving, threatening the oasis and the local populace. Recently, rose-willows, pomegranate trees as well as poplars have been planted to improve the environment. Due to the increase in vegetation, the living condition of the local people has been changed a lot.

 

Taklamakan Desert Tour

Today, there have been over 80 species of birds' resident in the interior Taklamakan Desert and the precipitation is increasing too. Moreover, the Taklamakan Desert is rich in natural resources like the groundwater, oil and oil gas which will benefit people.

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