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Hulishan Fortress

Hulishan FortressHulishan Fortress was built in the 20th year of the emperor Guangxu's reign (1894). It has went through more than 100 years of gloomy history with rising and falling. The base of Hulishan Fortress is made of a strange yet surprisingly strong mixture of camphor tree sap, liquid brown sugar, glutinous rice, clay and sand. Therefore, it is rather solid. The fortress consists of barracks, a secret tunnel, commanding tower, sentry platform, ammunition depot, trenches, castle, etc.

 

Hulishan Fortress is made of granite rocks and it occupies an area of 13,000 square meters. Xiamen had been an ancient battlefield where Xiamen people resisted imperial aggressors in the history. It also played an important role in resisting foreign aggressors. On east and west are emplacements with two main cannons (only one left now) bought from the Krupp Company of Germany. The whole cannon is 13.13 meters long with a weight of 50 tons. The caliber of the cannon is 280 mm and its maximum range of fire is 16,000 meters. The fortress displays more than 50 iron cannons of the Ming Dynasty and the Qing Dynasty unearthed from the Xiamen waters and the building site of capital construction. The East and West emplacements are connected by a tunnel, at the exits of which there are military camps.

As a coastal defense fortress, there is a trench outside and a patrolling path inside. In 1986, platforms of yearning for return are built in front of Hulishan Fortress. Tourists can observe Dadan and Erdan Islands under Jinmen's jurisdiction through telescopes. In recent years, theArtillery of Hulishan Fortress fortress yard has been cleaned up and large-scale wall carvings "national soul" is newly built, demonstrating the course of warehousing weapons, reviving military forces and resisting strong enemies. On the left side of wall carvings, "Rong Spring" is newly built, which is quite novel. Behind the wall carvings is a small garden with evergreen grass contains many sculptures and golden ball cactus. Built in the high place, a leisure and sightseeing pavilion is harmonious and natural with the surroundings. The scenic spot of Moonlight Rock can be found in the north of the small garden with additionally set "dragon spring waterfalls", "a line sky", and "the poem wall of Hulishan fortress".

 

Hulishan Fortress Tour

Hulishan Fortress is an internationally recognized key historical and cultural site and in August, 2000, it was listed into "the complete collection of Guinness World Records of the year 2000".

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