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Big Wild Goose Pagoda

 Big Wild Goose Pagoda at night with coulourful lightsBig Wild Goose Pagoda, the symbol of the long history of Xian, and a well-preserved ancient building and holy worshipping shrine for Buddhists, locates in the southern suburb of Xian City, about 4 kilometers (2.49 miles) from the downtown of the city. Standing in the Da Ci'en Temple complex, it attracts numerous visitors from home and abroad for its fame in the Buddhist religion, its simple but appealing style of construction, and its new square in front of the temple. It is listed as one of the National key Cultural Relics Preserves as well as an AAAA-level Tourist Destination, and it has a 1200 years history.


Big Wild Goose Pagoda, originally built in 652, during the reign of Tang Emperor, Gaozong (AD649-AD683), which is one of the most blooming and thriving feudal dynasties in Chinese history. li Zhi, who later became the Tang Emperor Gaozong, constructed it when he was the crowned prince, he had been sponsored the project of building the temple in memoery of his mother, Empress Wende's benevolence and grace, after she passed away in the prematured years.

Big Wild Goose Pagoda,then stands at a height of 54 metres (or 177feet),with 13 separate courtyards, contained 1,879 magnificent-looking rooms altogether and it was a place of grand extent in the Tang Dynasty. However, this construction of rammed earth with a stone exterior facade eventually collapsed five decades later. The ruling Empress Wu Ze tian had the pagoda rebuilt and added five new stories by the year 704 AD. However, a massive earthquake in 1556 heavily damaged the pagoda and reduced it by three stories, to its current height of seven stories. The entire structure leans very perceptibly (several degrees) to the west. Its related structure, the 8th century Small Wild Goose Pagoda in Xian, only suffered minor damage in the 1556 earthquake (still unrepaired to this day). The Big Wild Goose Pagoda was extensively repaired during the Ming Dynasty (1368–1644) and renovated again in 1964. The Big Wild Goose Pagoda with fountainpagoda currently stands at a height of 64 metres (210 feet) tall and from the top it offers bird's views over the current city of Xian.


Now, The statue monk Xuanzang stands in front of the temple area.During the Tang Dynasty,the Tang ruler issued orders to build a chamber for the purpose of the translating of Buddhist scriptures, whose leader was then the widely renowned Buddhist master, Xuanzang (Monk Tripitake). Meanwhile, Big Wild Goose Pagoda was located within the grounds of a monastery, within a walled ward of the larger southeastern sector of the city, then known as Chang an.The monastic grounds around the pagoda during the Tang Dynasty had ten courtyards and a total of 1,897 bays.In those days graduate students of the Advanced Scholars examination in Chang'an inscribed their names at this monastery.

According to the legendary tales about the Buddhist, that the Buddhism consists of two sects: One sect, who eats meat not ruled as a taboo. One day, a crowd of monks, couldn't find meat to buy, and brained their winds what to do, and looking up, a fleet of big wild geese in the air sweeping gone-by, a monk said to himself: "Today we'll not be dinnered with meat. I bless the Bodhisattva will endow us some meat with his merciful generosity." The moment witnessed a pioneering wild goose that lead its fleet broke its wings and fell down to the ground. All the monks present were startled at this sight, believing that The monks, thiking that, this inconvincible view was a warning to them, which requires them to be more pious, Therefore, built a pagoda at the spot where the wild goose fell and stopped eating meat. Hence it got the name "Big Wild Goose Pagoda".

 

Big Wild Goose Pagoda Tour

As the famous attraction in Xian, with the  long history, Big Wild Goose Pagoda welcomes the tourists from all over the world to pay a visit and learn more about the history of the ancient city.