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Huaqing Pool

a palace with Huaqing poolHuaqing pool is situated about 35 kilometres east of the city Xian, it is famed for both its dainty spring scenery and the romantic love story between Emperor Xuanzong (685-762) and his concubine Yang Guifei of the Tang Dynasty (618-907). The hot springs have allured many kings and emperors over the past 3,000 years. Destroyed and rebuilt several times, the existing Huaqing Palace was reconstructed in 1959, covering an area of 85,560 sq meters (21.1 acres). Its long history and beautiful natural scenery attract the tourists both from home and abroad.

Huaqing pool is located at the foot of the Lishan mountain, a branch range of the qinling ranges, and stands 1,256 metres high. It is covered with pines and cypresses, looking very much like a dark green galloping horse from a long distance, so it has the name of the lishan mountain (li means a black horse).

Huaqing pool was first constructed by the western zhou dynasty. In the Qin dynasty a pool was built with stones and was given the name Lishan Tang (the Lishan hot spring). The site was extended into a palace in the Han dynasty, and renamed the Li Palace (the resort palace). In the Tang dynasty, Li Shimin (emperor Tai zong) ordered to construct the Hot Spring Palace, and emperor Xuan zong had a walled palace built around Lishan mountain in the year of 747. It was known as the huaqing palace. It also had the name Huaqing pool on account of its location on the hot springs.   palaces with mountains and trees in Huaqing pool

Love Story Between Emperor Xuanzong and Concubine Yang Guifei

The frost drifting hall was where Xuan Zong and his concubine Yang Yuhuan moved to when winter came. Closed by the frost drifting hall lies the nine dragon pool.
    
The nine-bend corridor west of the nine dragon pool leads directly to the marble boat, which resembles a dragon boat on the water surface. In the marble boat lies the nine dragon tang (where emperor Xuan zong used to take baths). The nine dragon hot spring was originally built with crystal jade, whose surface was decorated with the carvings of fish, dragons, birds and flowers. In it twin lotus flowers also carved with white jade could be seen as well. The spring water welled from the break of an earthen jar, and spouted up to the lotus flowers. Hence it got the name lotus flower tang (the lotus flower hot spring). 
    
the Huaqing pool with a beautiful palaceThe gui fei bathing pool was where Yang gui fei, used to take bath. It was originally built with white jade, and in its center a blooming flower spouted water is like a spring. The pool looked very much like a chinese flowering crabapple; hence its name the chinese flowering crabapple hot spring or the lotus hot spring. 
    
Lady Yang used to make a stay in this pavilion to see sights or to air her hair after a bath. Therefore, it was named the hair airing pavilion. Whether the sun was rising or setting, the pavilion was aglow with sunshine; hence the name the flying roseate pavilion. 
    
Southwest of the gui fei bathing pool stands a brick-built pavilion. On its head three big chinese characters 'xi jia lou' (fine sunset-bathed pavilion)are inscribed according to the model of the most celebrated chinese calligrapher, Yu Youren, here is the source of the spring water. 
    
At this spa there are four hot springs. They have an hourly flow of 112 tons, and a constant temperature of 43°c. The fine sunset-bathed pavilion marks the first source of the spring water, which was discovered some 3,000 years ago, roughly in the western zhou dynasty. Its water flow averages 25 tons per hour.  
     
Take up the steps east of the source of hot springs, you will gradually see the five-room pavilion where Chiang Kaishek made a temporary stay during the xian incident. The xian incident took place on december 12, 1936, and it is also known as the double twelfth incident.
   
Up the winding path east of the five-room-pavilion you will catch sight of a bridge-like construction. It shines regularly with a myriad of evening sun rays both in summer and autumn, and looks very much like rainbow. So it has the name of the hovering rainbow bridge. 

 

Huaqing pool Tour

With long history and the romantic love story, Huaqing pool is really worth vsiiting durng the tour to Xian. And the comfortable environment there will leave a deep impression to all the travelers.