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Qian Mausoleum

the secret road in Qian Mausoleum in XianQian Mausoleum is one such significant tourist attraction in Xian. Located on the top of Liangshan Hill, this mausoleum forms an eminent tourist site. It is planned in a way so as to resemble the city of Chang'an or present day Xian. The path leading to the Emperor's tomb is bordered with stone figures of humans and animals like lions, winged horses and ostriches. The amazing statues and splendid sculptures reveal Western Asian and Greek influences. This relates to the fact that the Tang rulers were much interested in trade with the foreign nations.

Qian Mausoleum

However ancient the mausoleum might be, Qian Mausoleum, Xian is still the same solid structure firmly standing on the ground. The area is 2.3 square meters approximately. The buildings feature a Pavilion, several corridors, the Sacrifice Hall and a Hall of Ministers. The entrance in the southern part comprises of two well-adorned octagonal columns. As soon as you enter, the first notable sculpture is that of the winged horses. Then there are the pair of ostriches and five pairs of horses. The ten pairs of military men carrying swords look awesome. The stupendous human figures indicate the sixty one foreign envoys who attended the Emperor's funeral. Their names and their nation are engraved on the back side of the statues.

The structure of Qijie Bei signifies the Seven Elements - Sun, Moon, Earth, Water, Fire, Metal and Wood. It bears the words of the Empress Wu Zetian giving an account of the accomplishments of the noble Emperor. Do not miss out to see the Blank Tablet featuring figures of dragons and oysters.the stele of Qian Mausoleum in Xian

As the mausoleum of Emperor Gaozong and his wife Empress Wu Zetian, the only female emperor in Chinese history, Qianling Mausoleum is the best preserved Tang Dynasty Mausoleum as well as the most unique one.

History of Qian Mausoleum

Situated inside Liangshan Hill, 6 km (about 3.73 miles) away from Qian County and 76 km (about 47.2 miles) northwest of Xian City, the Qianling Mausoleum was built in 684 B.C. and took almost 23 years to construct. Historical records said that there were originally inner and outer walls, four gates in each direction, countless halls and pavilions and marvelous stone carvings around the mausoleum. Now only the ancient stone carvings are still standing around the mausoleum. Altogether 114 statues of horses, lions, ostriches, servants and even foreign ambassadors as well as steles and ornamental columns in the mausoleum boast the glory and splendor of the Tang Dynasty silently. Qianling Mausoleum is also the best preserved mausoleum in China for it has never been broken into by tomb robbers.

To the southeast of Qianling Mausoleum there are many other tombs. According to historical records, 17 people were buried by the side of Qianling Mausoleum. Five of them had already been excavated, including the Tomb of Crown Prince Zhanghuai, the Tomb of Crown Prince Yide and the Tomb of Princess Yongtai. Many treasures such as splendid murals and Tang San Cai (tri-color pottery) were discovered in the tombs. Now all the treasures are well preserved in Qianling Museum in the tomb yard of Princess Yongtai.

 

Qian Mausoleum Tour

Since the long history and so many treasures are well preserved, Qianling Museum is the attraction really worth visiting during the Xian tour. After traveling, tourists will learn more about the history of China.