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Xian Ancient City Wall

the ancient city wall with river and treesXian Ancient City Wall is the most complete city wall survived in China as well as one of the largest ancient military defensive systems in the world.

Xian Ancient City Wall was built in the Tang dynasty (618AD-907AD) and enlarged by Zhu Yuanzhang, the first Emperor of Ming Dynasty, (1368AD-1644AD). When the emperor captured Huizhou, a hermit named Zhu Sheng admonished him that he should 'built high walls, store abundant food supplies and take time to be an Emperor, so that he could fortify the city and unify the other states. After the establishment of the Ming dynasty, Zhu Yuanzhang followed his advice and began to enlarge the wall built initially during the old Tang dynasty (618 -907), creating the modern Xian City Wall.

After the extension, Xian Ancient City Wall now stands 12 meters (40 feet) tall, 12-14 meters (40-46 feet) wide at the top and 15-18 meters (50-60 feet) thick at the bottom. It covers 13.7 kilometers (8.5 miles)  in length with a deep moat surrounding it. Every 120 meters, there is a rampart which extends out from the main wall. All together, there are 98 ramparts on the wall, which were built to defend against the enemy climbing up the wall.

Around the Xian Ancient City Wall, there are jutting ramparts, sentry towers, corner towers, gate towers, battlements, and a series of city defensive fortifications that were the full view of the ancient city wall in Xianscientifically and compactly laid out with very strong defense capability. The inner city was the residence of the King of Qin. It was built on the high terrain in the northeastern part of the city, from where the whole city could be kept under control by its advantage of geographical position. Two successive walls and a protective moat enclosed the residence. The principal part of the architectural complex was built according the traditional pattern of "Palace in the front and bedchamber at the back." The important palaces and temples were longitudinally arranged in a round pivot order. They looked magnificent and splendid.

During the 200-year reign of the Ming Dynasty, the inner city continuously served as the military and political center of Shaanxi, where the successive 14 Kings of Qing, by order of the emperor, ruled Shaanxi. The Xian Ancient City Wall has a history of over 600 years.


Xian Ancient City Wall Tour

Nowadays, this old historical relic is not only an important material object for the study of ancient military science but also a sightseeing and entertainment resort for visitors from all over the world.